Uphold Wallet Review 2020: Fees, Pros, Cons and Features
Uphold.com Review 2020 - NEW! Best Bitcoin Exchange 2020
I bought groceries with the BAT that I earned while browsing the web. (No manual conversion)
I can't believe what I just typed lol. The future is now. First off, I'd like to state that I didn't get paid to say this. I got selected as part of a beta program for Upholds debit card and thought it was genuinely cool given the circumstances. The way that it works is that you download a seperate app to that of the officail Uphold app. If you're familiar with uphold, you'll know that they create these digital cards for your assets/claimed social profiles. You then go into the app, select the asset that you want the debit card to debit when swiped, and that's it. Whatever asset you selected before swiping, it will exchange that crypto at market price at the time, and convert to dollars. Or if you loaded your USD wallet on uphold with actual USD, then you can transact directly in USD. So ya, as the title states, I bought tonights dinner with BAT that i've earned while browsing the web. No need to manually convert cryptos in USD or any of that hoopla. Just swipe and done. This makes it even harder to use any other internet browser. Edit: Wow, didn't know the post was going to garner this much attention! Top voted post in the sub and I got my first ever gild. :,) Glad to be apart of this community and witness this really cool project. I would have never thought that one day that i'd get paid for viewing ads while browsing the web. Let alone having a debit card that can purchase goods with digital assets other than USD. <3
436 BTC were traded using LocalBitcoin last week,trading Bs. /BTC and BTC/Bs. (Bolivares, Venezuelan "official" currency).These 446 BTC were 1,610,000,00,000 Bs.(ATH).One BTC is around 4,000,000,000 Bs. Monthly minimum wage is around 2.3 USD.Inflation from March 2013 to July 2020 was 18,427,384,550%
Hi guys, as you might know I'm a Venezuelan "living" here. August trade using LocalBitcoin closed under 2,000 BTC. Venezuelan Central Bank posted today the inflation rate.
From January 2020 to July 2020 it was 492%.
From July 2019 to July 2020 it was 2,359%.
From March 2013 to July 2020 it was 18,427,384,550%
How To End The Cryptocurrency Exchange "Wild West" Without Crippling Innovation
In case you haven't noticed the consultation paper, staff notice, and report on Quadriga, regulators are now clamping down on Canadian cryptocurrency exchanges. The OSC and other regulatory bodies are still interested in industry feedback. They have not put forward any official regulation yet. Below are some ideas/insights and a proposed framework.
Typical securities frameworks will cost Canadians millions of dollars (ie Sarbanes-Oxley estimated at $5m USD/yr per firm). Implementation costs of this proposal are significantly cheaper.
Canadians can maintain a diverse set of exchanges, multiple viable business models are still fully supported, and innovation is encouraged while keeping Canadians safe.
Many of you have limited time to read the full proposal, so here are the highlights:
Effective standards to prevent both internal and external theft. Exchange operators are trained and certified, and have a legal responsibility to users.
Regular Transparent Audits
Provides visibility to Canadians that their funds are fully backed on the exchange, while protecting privacy and sensitive platform information.
Establishment of basic insurance standards/strategy, to expand over time. Removing risk to exchange users of any hot wallet theft.
Background and Justifications
Cold Storage Custody/Management After reviewing close to 100 cases, all thefts tend to break down into more or less the same set of problems: • Funds stored online or in a smart contract, • Access controlled by one person or one system, • 51% attacks (rare), • Funds sent to the wrong address (also rare), or • Some combination of the above. For the first two cases, practical solutions exist and are widely implemented on exchanges already. Offline multi-signature solutions are already industry standard. No cases studied found an external theft or exit scam involving an offline multi-signature wallet implementation. Security can be further improved through minimum numbers of signatories, background checks, providing autonomy and legal protections to each signatory, establishing best practices, and a training/certification program. The last two transaction risks occur more rarely, and have never resulted in a loss affecting the actual users of the exchange. In all cases to date where operators made the mistake, they've been fully covered by the exchange platforms. • 51% attacks generally only occur on blockchains with less security. The most prominent cases have been Bitcoin Gold and Ethereum Classic. The simple solution is to enforce deposit limits and block delays such that a 51% attack is not cost-effective. • The risk of transactions to incorrect addresses can be eliminated by a simple test transaction policy on large transactions. By sending a small amount of funds prior to any large withdrawals/transfers as a standard practice, the accuracy of the wallet address can be validated. The proposal covers all loss cases and goes beyond, while avoiding significant additional costs, risks, and limitations which may be associated with other frameworks like SOC II. On The Subject of Third Party Custodians Many Canadian platforms are currently experimenting with third party custody. From the standpoint of the exchange operator, they can liberate themselves from some responsibility of custody, passing that off to someone else. For regulators, it puts crypto in similar categorization to oil, gold, and other commodities, with some common standards. Platform users would likely feel greater confidence if the custodian was a brand they recognized. If the custodian was knowledgeable and had a decent team that employed multi-sig, they could keep assets safe from internal theft. With the right protections in place, this could be a great solution for many exchanges, particularly those that lack the relevant experience or human resources for their own custody systems. However, this system is vulnerable to anyone able to impersonate the exchange operators. You may have a situation where different employees who don't know each other that well are interacting between different companies (both the custodian and all their customers which presumably isn't just one exchange). A case study of what can go wrong in this type of environment might be Bitpay, where the CEO was tricked out of 5000 bitcoins over 3 separate payments by a series of emails sent legitimately from a breached computer of another company CEO. It's also still vulnerable to the platform being compromised, as in the really large $70M Bitfinex hack, where the third party Bitgo held one key in a multi-sig wallet. The hacker simply authorized the withdrawal using the same credentials as Bitfinex (requesting Bitgo to sign multiple withdrawal transactions). This succeeded even with the use of multi-sig and two heavily security-focused companies, due to the lack of human oversight (basically, hot wallet). Of course, you can learn from these cases and improve the security, but so can hackers improve their deception and at the end of the day, both of these would have been stopped by the much simpler solution of a qualified team who knew each other and employed multi-sig with properly protected keys. It's pretty hard to beat a human being who knows the business and the typical customer behaviour (or even knows their customers personally) at spotting fraud, and the proposed multi-sig means any hacker has to get through the scrutiny of 3 (or more) separate people, all of whom would have proper training including historical case studies. There are strong arguments both for and against using use of third party custodians. The proposal sets mandatory minimum custody standards would apply regardless if the cold wallet signatories are exchange operators, independent custodians, or a mix of both. On The Subject Of Insurance ShakePay has taken the first steps into this new realm (congratulations). There is no question that crypto users could be better protected by the right insurance policies, and it certainly feels better to transact with insured platforms. The steps required to obtain insurance generally place attention in valuable security areas, and in this case included a review from CipherTrace. One of the key solutions in traditional finance comes from insurance from entities such as the CDIC. However, historically, there wasn't found any actual insurance payout to any cryptocurrency exchange, and there are notable cases where insurance has not paid. With Bitpay, for example, the insurance agent refused because the issue happened to the third party CEO's computer instead of anything to do with Bitpay itself. With the Youbit exchange in South Korea, their insurance claim was denied, and the exchange ultimately ended up instead going bankrupt with all user's funds lost. To quote Matt Johnson in the original Lloyd's article: “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.” ShakePay's insurance was only reported to cover their cold storage, and “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held”. Physical theft has never, in the history of cryptocurrency exchange cases reviewed, been reported as the cause of loss. From the limited information of the article, ShakePay made it clear their funds are in the hands of a single US custodian, and at least part of their security strategy is to "decline to confirm the custodian’s name on the record". While this prevents scrutiny of the custodian, it's pretty silly to speculate that a reasonably competent hacking group couldn't determine who the custodian is. A far more common infiltration strategy historically would be social engineering, which has succeeded repeatedly. A hacker could trick their way into ShakePay's systems and request a fraudulent withdrawal, impersonate ShakePay and request the custodian to move funds, or socially engineer their way into the custodian to initiate the withdrawal of multiple accounts (a payout much larger than ShakePay) exploiting the standard procedures (for example, fraudulently initiating or override the wallet addresses of a real transfer). In each case, nothing was physically stolen and the loss is therefore not covered by insurance. In order for any insurance to be effective, clear policies have to be established about what needs to be covered. Anything short of that gives Canadians false confidence that they are protected when they aren't in any meaningful way. At this time, the third party insurance market does not appear to provide adequate options or coverage, and effort is necessary to standardize custody standards, which is a likely first step in ultimately setting up an insurance framework. A better solution compared to third party insurance providers might be for Canadian exchange operators to create their own collective insurance fund, or a specific federal organization similar to the CDIC. Such an organization would have a greater interest or obligation in paying out actual cases, and that would be it's purpose rather than maximizing it's own profit. This would be similar to the SAFU which Binance has launched, except it would cover multiple exchanges. There is little question whether the SAFU would pay out given a breach of Binance, and a similar argument could be made for a insurance fund managed by a collective of exchange operators or a government organization. While a third party insurance provider has the strong market incentive to provide the absolute minimum coverage and no market incentive to payout, an entity managed by exchange operators would have incentive to protect the reputation of exchange operators/the industry, and the government should have the interest of protecting Canadians. On The Subject of Fractional Reserve There is a long history of fractional reserve failures, from the first banks in ancient times, through the great depression (where hundreds of fractional reserve banks failed), right through to the 2008 banking collapse referenced in the first bitcoin block. The fractional reserve system allows banks to multiply the money supply far beyond the actual cash (or other assets) in existence, backed only by a system of debt obligations of others. Safely supporting a fractional reserve system is a topic of far greater complexity than can be addressed by a simple policy, and when it comes to cryptocurrency, there is presently no entity reasonably able to bail anyone out in the event of failure. Therefore, this framework is addressed around entities that aim to maintain 100% backing of funds. There may be some firms that desire but have failed to maintain 100% backing. In this case, there are multiple solutions, including outside investment, merging with other exchanges, or enforcing a gradual restoration plan. All of these solutions are typically far better than shutting down the exchange, and there are multiple cases where they've been used successfully in the past. Proof of Reserves/Transparency/Accountability Canadians need to have visibility into the backing on an ongoing basis. The best solution for crypto-assets is a Proof of Reserve. Such ideas go back all the way to 2013, before even Mt. Gox. However, no Canadian exchange has yet implemented such a system, and only a few international exchanges (CoinFloor in the UK being an example) have. Many firms like Kraken, BitBuy, and now ShakePay use the Proof of Reserve term to refer to lesser proofs which do not actually cryptographically prove the full backing of all user assets on the blockchain. In order for a Proof of Reserve to be effective, it must actually be a complete proof, and it needs to be understood by the public that is expected to use it. Many firms have expressed reservations about the level of transparency required in a complete Proof of Reserve (for example Kraken here). While a complete Proof of Reserves should be encouraged, and there are some solutions in the works (ie TxQuick), this is unlikely to be suitable universally for all exchange operators and users. Given the limitations, and that firms also manage fiat assets, a more traditional audit process makes more sense. Some Canadian exchanges (CoinSquare, CoinBerry) have already subjected themselves to annual audits. However, these results are not presently shared publicly, and there is no guarantee over the process including all user assets or the integrity and independence of the auditor. The auditor has been typically not known, and in some cases, the identity of the auditor is protected by a NDA. Only in one case (BitBuy) was an actual report generated and publicly shared. There has been no attempt made to validate that user accounts provided during these audits have been complete or accurate. A fraudulent fractional exchange, or one which had suffered a breach they were unwilling to publicly accept (see CoinBene), could easily maintain a second set of books for auditors or simply exclude key accounts to pass an individual audit. The proposed solution would see a reporting standard which includes at a minimum - percentage of backing for each asset relative to account balances and the nature of how those assets are stored, with ownership proven by the auditor. The auditor would also publicly provide a "hash list", which they independently generate from the accounts provided by the exchange. Every exchange user can then check their information against this public "hash list". A hash is a one-way form of encryption, which fully protects the private information, yet allows anyone who knows that information already to validate that it was included. Less experienced users can take advantage of public tools to calculate the hash from their information (provided by the exchange), and thus have certainty that the auditor received their full balance information. Easy instructions can be provided. Auditors should be impartial, their identities and process public, and they should be rotated so that the same auditor is never used twice in a row. Balancing the cost of auditing against the needs for regular updates, a 6 month cycle likely makes the most sense. Hot Wallet Management The best solution for hot wallets is not to use them. CoinBerry reportedly uses multi-sig on all withdrawals, and Bitmex is an international example known for their structure devoid of hot wallets. However, many platforms and customers desire fast withdrawal processes, and human validation has a cost of time and delay in this process. A model of self-insurance or separate funds for hot wallets may be used in these cases. Under this model, a platform still has 100% of their client balance in cold storage and holds additional funds in hot wallets for quick withdrawal. Thus, the risk of those hot wallets is 100% on exchange operators and not affecting the exchange users. Since most platforms typically only have 1%-5% in hot wallets at any given time, it shouldn't be unreasonable to build/maintain these additional reserves over time using exchange fees or additional investment. Larger withdrawals would still be handled at regular intervals from the cold storage. Hot wallet risks have historically posed a large risk and there is no established standard to guarantee secure hot wallets. When the government of South Korea dispatched security inspections to multiple exchanges, the results were still that 3 of them got hacked after the inspections. If standards develop such that an organization in the market is willing to insure the hot wallets, this could provide an acceptable alternative. Another option may be for multiple exchange operators to pool funds aside for a hot wallet insurance fund. Comprehensive coverage standards must be established and maintained for all hot wallet balances to make sure Canadians are adequately protected.
Current Draft Proposal
(1) Proper multi-signature cold wallet storage. (a) Each private key is the personal and legal responsibility of one person - the “signatory”. Signatories have special rights and responsibilities to protect user assets. Signatories are trained and certified through a course covering (1) past hacking and fraud cases, (2) proper and secure key generation, and (3) proper safekeeping of private keys. All private keys must be generated and stored 100% offline by the signatory. If even one private keys is ever breached or suspected to be breached, the wallet must be regenerated and all funds relocated to a new wallet. (b) All signatories must be separate background-checked individuals free of past criminal conviction. Canadians should have a right to know who holds their funds. All signing of transactions must take place with all signatories on Canadian soil or on the soil of a country with a solid legal system which agrees to uphold and support these rules (from an established white-list of countries which expands over time). (c) 3-5 independent signatures are required for any withdrawal. There must be 1-3 spare signatories, and a maximum of 7 total signatories. The following are all valid combinations: 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7. (d) A security audit should be conducted to validate the cold wallet is set up correctly and provide any additional pertinent information. The primary purpose is to ensure that all signatories are acting independently and using best practices for private key storage. A report summarizing all steps taken and who did the audit will be made public. Canadians must be able to validate the right measures are in place to protect their funds. (e) There is a simple approval process if signatories wish to visit any country outside Canada, with a potential whitelist of exempt countries. At most 2 signatories can be outside of aligned jurisdiction at any given time. All exchanges would be required to keep a compliant cold wallet for Canadian funds and have a Canadian office if they wish to serve Canadian customers. (2) Regular and transparent solvency audits. (a) An audit must be conducted at founding, after 3 months of operation, and at least once every 6 months to compare customer balances against all stored cryptocurrency and fiat balances. The auditor must be known, independent, and never the same twice in a row. (b) An audit report will be published featuring the steps conducted in a readable format. This should be made available to all Canadians on the exchange website and on a government website. The report must include what percentage of each customer asset is backed on the exchange, and how those funds are stored. (c) The auditor will independently produce a hash of each customer's identifying information and balance as they perform the audit. This will be made publicly available on the exchange and government website, along with simplified instructions that each customer can use to verify that their balance was included in the audit process. (d) The audit needs to include a proof of ownership for any cryptocurrency wallets included. A satoshi test (spending a small amount) or partially signed transaction both qualify. (e) Any platform without 100% reserves should be assessed on a regular basis by a government or industry watchdog. This entity should work to prevent any further drop, support any private investor to come in, or facilitate a merger so that 100% backing can be obtained as soon as possible. (3) Protections for hot wallets and transactions. (a) A standardized list of approved coins and procedures will be established to constitute valid cold storage wallets. Where a multi-sig process is not natively available, efforts will be undertaken to establish a suitable and stable smart contract standard. This list will be expanded and improved over time. Coins and procedures not on the list are considered hot wallets. (b) Hot wallets can be backed by additional funds in cold storage or an acceptable third-party insurance provider with a comprehensive coverage policy. (c) Exchanges are required to cover the full balance of all user funds as denominated in the same currency, or double the balance as denominated in bitcoin or CAD using an established trading rate. If the balance is ever insufficient due to market movements, the firm must rectify this within 24 hours by moving assets to cold storage or increasing insurance coverage. (d) Any large transactions (above a set threshold) from cold storage to any new wallet addresses (not previously transacted with) must be tested with a smaller transaction first. Deposits of cryptocurrency must be limited to prevent economic 51% attacks. Any issues are to be covered by the exchange. (e) Exchange platforms must provide suitable authentication for users, including making available approved forms of two-factor authentication. SMS-based authentication is not to be supported. Withdrawals must be blocked for 48 hours in the event of any account password change. Disputes on the negligence of exchanges should be governed by case law.
Continued review of existing OSC feedback is still underway. More feedback and opinions on the framework and ideas as presented here are extremely valuable. The above is a draft and not finalized. The process of further developing and bringing a suitable framework to protect Canadians will require the support of exchange operators, legal experts, and many others in the community. The costs of not doing such are tremendous. A large and convoluted framework, one based on flawed ideas or implementation, or one which fails to properly safeguard Canadians is not just extremely expensive and risky for all Canadians, severely limiting to the credibility and reputation of the industry, but an existential risk to many exchanges. The responsibility falls to all of us to provide our insight and make our opinions heard on this critical matter. Please take the time to give your thoughts.
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At today rate 43,500 BTC were traded during 2019 in Venezuela using LocalBitcoin, which is around 314,000,000 USD (leader in South America). Minimum wage is 3 USD per month. Today one BTC is around 314,000,000 Bs. (Bolivares)
Hi guys, me reporting again. Happy new year! That is the volume ONLY using LocalBitcoin (LBTC), here people use Uphold, Airtm and other exchanges (even local ones). Minimum wage (which is earned by a big chuck of the population, not like other countries) is 150.000 Bs. (Bolivares) wage (3 USD) + 150.000 Bs. food bonus (3 USD) PER MONTH. Government gave away a 0.5 Petro airdrop to a lot of people two week ago as a "bonus", which is around 30 USD. More than a crypto, Petro works like an asset its USD value is fixed and the thing that changes is the Bs. (Bolivares) value. From the crypto perspective, it was ok, even when I dont sympathize with the current government. Anyway most of the people exchanged it to fiat to purchase food, even when the USD price of the petro is fixed as there is a lot of offer and low demand, people are paying low. This is a way of direct subside to people in need instead of subsiding the final products. So they are moving a little to the center from the left. Biggest bank note is 50,000 Bs. which is around 1 USD. You need to use debit and credit, bank transfer, cryptos and USD to pay anything. There is a big department store, called Traki that accepts (besides USD and Bolivares) ETH, BTC, LTC and PETRO. This after 5 zeroes were shaved from the currency less than a year ago and 3 zeroes more 12 years ago. So that banknote would be 5,000,000,000,000 Bs. Here in Venezuela situation is really hard, some people dont believe that amount is the minimum wage. I work and earn a little more than that (anyway, the amount is really low, I'm sure with that amount I would be living homeless in Colombia, Peru or Panama for example), usually get some donations from redditors (I really thank them!) and do some freelancing work (translating mostly) and it is really hard to keep up daily. Sometimes people encourage me to keep posting. Scarcity has lowered because goverment "opened" a little (their "center" movement), you can find a lot of products now at the stores and supermarkets (national production or imported), if you have a good wage or income you will be "better" now but if you are old and your only income is around one or two minimum wage, you cannot even enter the stores and you only can but two kilos of meat with your monthly wage. https://www.usefultulips.org/Latin%20America_Page.html https://www.diariobitcoin.com/index.php/2019/04/29/traki-la-tienda-por-departamento-venezolana-cuenta-por-que-acepta-criptomonedas/ Sources: https://coin.dance/volume/localbitcoins/VES/BTC https://www.usefultulips.org/Latin%20America_Page.html https://www.bloomberg.com/features/2016-venezuela-cafe-con-leche-index/ Official rate (Venezuelan Central Bank http://bcv.org.ve/ ) is 46.620 Bs. (Bolivares, national currency) per each USD. Street rate is almost the same. https://dolarsatoshi.com/ AMA!
Cost basis/income tax calculations for BAT earned from ads
So, seeing posts like this one around here is making me concerned. If I simply have Brave Rewards enabled in my browser, and nothing more - I'm not registered as a creatopublisher, I'm not verified with Uphold, I haven't in any way cashed out my tokens - what in the heck do and don't I have to report on my 1040 to avoid getting stuck in a perjury trap? Every website and Reddit commentor seems to have a different answer on this. Some of the answers are more clearly in line with IRS guidance than others but in many cases there is no clear sense to be had of which is "more reasonable" than the others. Yet since I've had Brave Rewards enabled since mid-2019, it behooves me to "get this right" when I fill out my 2019 tax return, lest the IRS come down on me for being inconsistent with my answers should I have better answers to these questions in future years. The IRS is clear on one thing: cryptocurrency, in general, is valuable property and treated much like gold or other non-dollar capital assets (whether or not they're intended or used primarily as "money"). If your employer pays you in bitcoin (or gold, or a car, or a cow, etc.), you owe taxes on that income the day you receive it, whether or not you "cashed it out" by selling it for dollars. The IRS expects you to compute a "cost basis" for the property you received by determining its current "fair market value" in dollars, and that's what you report on your tax return. If and when you sell that property for dollars at any later date, that's a separate transaction, which may or may not incur a capital gain or loss (difference in value you received from the sale vs. what it was worth when you originally got the property), and that is reported in its own line on the 1040 (separate from ordinary income, depending on whether you held the property more or less than 1 year before selling it). So far, so good - that's all straightforward enough and well-precedented since it's the same thing people are used to doing for other capital goods such as stocks/bonds, precious metals, or real estate. It's even straightforward for people who simply trade crypto as an investment, like Bitcoin or whatever. In that case it's no different (tax-wise) from trading gold, and if you do it through a broker like Coinbase, Uphold, etc. you'll probably get a nice statement at the end of the year that breaks it all down and you can import into TurboTax or whatever. That's still well and good for those who (like many here) are trading BAT as an investment, like any other crypto. But Brave Rewards's BAT microtransactions are a whole 'nother level of craziness. If we're just using BAT within the Brave ecosystem - receiving it from ads and tipping/auto-contributing it back to publishers - does it ever enter the world of "capital assets" from my perspective as a user? If so, how the heck do I compute my cost basis? How on earth do I know how my BAT balance breaks down in terms of amounts received on particular days, which I absolutely need to know if I'm going to look up BAT/USD exchange rates online to compute cost basis information? Brave currently doesn't provide any sort of "wallet statement" showing transactions in or out of the browser on a date-stamped basis. I know that's planned for "the future", but that doesn't exactly help me for doing my 2019 taxes. I realize that Brave cannot give "tax advise" per se, ad nauseum. But surely Brave has done some thinking about the tax implications of BAT/Brave Rewards for ordinary users, versus just saying "have fun explaining this to the IRS" - right? We know that Brave can and does make legal statements about what they believe, as a company based on the advice of their corporate counsel, the legal status of BAT is (see e.g. this answer in the official FAQ). That, of course, doesn't guarantee that the government will see it that way (or that a judge will), but it's at least helpful to know "some professional lawyers spent a lot of time studying this and think the law says X", because that's a heck of a lot more than us randos on the Internet can guess at. At least if we have some consistent guidance, we can know what our story should be to the IRS and keep it straight, because otherwise we're at the mercy of whatever some auditor or administrative law judge might feel like. Maybe they won't go after most small-fry Brave users today, but you can bet they'll demand answers going back years into the past if one of those users were to become rich, or politically active, or otherwise interesting to the IRS at some point in the future. Taxes, after all, are the one area of the law where citizens are for practical purposes considered guilty (or at least, "liable to pay whatever the IRS demands") until proven innocent. (Sad, but too true.) My case is the simplest possible one for a Brave Rewards user: I'm a resident U.S. citizen who's never "cashed out" my BAT, I'm not a "publisher" or "creator", I haven't received tips, and I'm not verified with Uphold (couldn't if I wanted to, since they're not licensed in my state). I've only ever made four small tips totaling 40.0 BAT with the initial grant I got from the User Growth Pool when installing Brave (because it was going to expire); I've been hanging onto my non-UGP earnings in the hopes that some of my favorite websites/creators will eventually become verified and I can start spreading the wealth around in a more meaningful way than just dumping it on the 1 or 2 sites I visit that are yet verified. My questions are thus: 1) Is the BAT I receive from Brave Rewards considered to be a capital asset if I'm not holding it as an investment but just leaving it in the browser to be used as intended there (as a way of funneling ad proceeds from advertisers to publishers)? Does it matter if it stays in the browser and never gets withdrawn to an Uphold account? (e.g. does it then just qualify as "internal functionality of the web browser" and not a meaningful valuable thing I can put a dollar amount on, like a McDonalds Monopoly token with a "cash value" of $0.0001?) 2) If my BAT is considered a capital asset, how do I compute my cost basis for income (and future capital gains/losses) purposes? Is every single microtransaction an "income" transaction with its own separate cost basis that I have to track day-by-day? Or is income only realized when Brave deposits my earnings to my browser on the 5th of the month? Or does it only count if/when I connect an Uphold account and "cash out"? 3) Do I have to answer "Yes" to the new 1040 question asking "did you receive, sell, send, exchange, or otherwise acquire any financial interest in any virtual currency"? (I haven't touched any cryptocurrency in my life besides what I've gotten from Brave Rewards.) Is BAT a "virtual currency" when used strictly within the context of Brave Rewards, or is it something more along the lines of spendable XP points in a video game which have no value (for me, at least) outside that system? 4) If I have to do detailed cost basis reporting, is there any way I can get my Brave browser to cough up some sort of datestamped transaction history for my Rewards? I realize there's no official UI yet, but is there an internal database or something I can dump? (I'm a professional software developer so I'm willing to "get my hands dirty". Heck, I'd be willing to fire up a debugger on a core dump of the browser if that'll help...better that than being liable for tax fraud...) 5) If all else fails, can I escape this blooming mess by just turning off Brave Rewards, forgetting my wallet key (which I've never backed up), bit bucketing the BAT I've so patiently earned over the last year, and never looking back? Is it too late to do so since I've already received the BAT in tax year 2019 (regardless of what I might do with it in 2020, including thus throwing it away)? I realize that in practice I could probably do so and get away with it, but I want to be right with the law here. After all, even if I report nothing on my 2019 tax return regarding crypto, the IRS could always find my posts here on Reddit and say "see, we have proof that you used Brave Rewards in 2019"... Even if I'm a "small fry" at this point in my life that the IRS won't care to go after, I don't want to have a sword of Damocles hanging over my head for them to trigger if and when they feel like it later in life. Help me my dudes, you're my only hope! ;-) (And I suspect many, many others are quietly freaking out about this too...)
Pi Network! This golden project is an opportunity.
What is Pi Network?
Pi Network is a virtual currency that can only be mined or mined on a phone, but does not consume device resources like other free mining applications. Previously Pi Network could include mining applications such as Electroneum (ETN), but this application consumes your device resources to decode the algorithm (Electroneum uses cryptonight algorithm). With Pi Network, when you dig coins will feel the device does not heat up. In addition, you can also turn off the application or turn off the network and still be able to mine coins every 24 hours.
Pi Network is still in BETA. The project is still in progress which means that there will still be errors and some details of the project are still changing. While many cryptocurrency projects start from pure theory, Pi Network seeks to balance theory with design and people-centered (or experiment with real people to best meet their needs). ). The project appreciates your patience and welcomes your input as we work together to develop products that best meet community needs. Pi does NOT give you free money. This is a long-term project whose success depends on the common contribution of its members. Pi helps people capture economic value, which is held by banks, technology giants (e.g. Facebook, Amazon) and other intermediaries. Pi depends on the contribution of the members. Therefore Pi NetWork is not suitable for those who want to make money quickly.
2. Is Pi Network scam?
Pi is not a hoax. This is an attempt by a group of Stanford University alumni to spread the cryptocurrency to more people. Pi Network's core team is led by two Stanford PhDs and one Stanford MBA, all of which help build the blockchain community at Stanford. There is no guarantee that the project will succeed. However, Pi Network will work hard to make common dreams a reality, while upholding the highest standards of transparency. You can learn more about Pi's core team on the app, or simply by typing these people 's names into the Google search page: - Nicolas Kokkalis: Head of Technology - Department Chengdiao Fan: Vincent - McPhillip Product Manager: Community Manager 📷 https://preview.redd.it/rozcs5h1p4351.png?width=710&format=png&auto=webp&s=c5952d879514c33e643958aab8d5ca5ae382ba41
3. How to make money with Pi Network?
How to exploit Pi Pi Network does not call you to invest or do anything. Your job is very simple, you just need to have a phone, download the Pi Network app and create an account, press the Start button daily and the PI digging will take place even if your computer is not connected to the internet . You also do not need to open the active application. Pi does not affect your phone performance, does not drain your battery or use your network data. To start earning Pi, check the app every 24 hours and press the lightning button to start mining. You can increase your hourly Pi rate by inviting friends and family to join the community. After 3 days of exploitation, you can increase your income even more by building your security circle, which contributes to the overall security of the network. And remember, veterans of the network have a higher rate of extraction than the members who come after them. Why are veteran members exploiting more? Pi's goal is to become a widely distributed and widely used electronic currency in the world. To achieve that goal, Pi encourages members to contribute early to ensure the success of the project (eg network protection and development). To reflect the importance of early contributions, the rate of extraction decreases as more people join the network. At this point, the base mining rate will be halved every time the number of active users increases by 10 times. This ratio will be reduced to zero when the network reaches a certain number of users (for example, 10 million or 100 million). At the time, like Bitcoin, miners would continue to receive rewards with transaction fees, rather than being rewarded with new coins. What is the Pi Network security circle? The security circle is a group of 3-5 trusted people built by each Pi member, to prevent fraudulent transactions. While cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin secure their ledgers by forcing mining companies to burn energy (proof of work), Pi still guarantees its ledger when members of the network prove trust with each other. Pi contributors guarantee each other by building up security groups of 3-5 members whom they deem reliable. The security circle should include people you trust not to make fraudulent transactions. The cyber security circles form a global trust chart to determine who can trust to conduct transactions on the Pi ledger. https://preview.redd.it/rmekfcizo4351.png?width=710&format=png&auto=webp&s=92a054233ec9c1844b32c24b0a06d0a47e9302b1
4. What is the Pi price?
Pi is worth approximately 0 dollars / euro. Yes! If the price is $ 0, then we dig PI do? Also you wonder when PIs will be valuable? While everyone thinks that PIs are not valuable and do not participate, just like when BITCOIN 2008 had no value. If you are a PI holder PI holders have two options to convert PIs into cash: - Buy goods and services directly with your Pi. Pi Network is building a peer-to-peer market where members can directly spend Pi to buy goods and services. Pi Network aims to start a bank transfer test in its application immediately after Q42019. - Exchange Pi for cash on cryptocurrency exchanges. Pi will be able to be traded during Phase 3 of the project (such as when launching the Mainnet). At that time, exchanges may choose to list Pi. At this point, Pi's core team focuses on implementing the right technical roadmap to reach phase 3. (I still remember in 2015, in MMO communities, competing to receive free coins called Raiblocks (XRB) by typing captcha, each type of such a lot of XRB, it can be said that the day that XRB has no price value, almost 0. Later in early 2018 when Raiblocks changed its name to NANO project, the peak of 1 NANO coin reached 34 USD, sweeping away the dream of millionaires of MMO people, because at XRB, they sell very cheaply for each other. You can refer to the NANO price chart below) https://preview.redd.it/r8rll5eyo4351.png?width=710&format=png&auto=webp&s=235368ab0b53c5e1b09c2c88bd13e345ae26eaae
5. Download the Pi Network application
Pi Network currently supports both Android and iOS operating systems, you can access the Google Play app for Android or App Store for iOS and search by keyword "Pi Network" or click directly at the following link: https://minepi.com/150791
You cannot withdraw the Pi. You will be able to withdraw Pi or exchange Pi for other currencies during Phase 3 of the project, when Pi switches to a completely decentralized blockchain. Phase 1 of Project Pi is on March 14, 2019 (Pi Day). In Stage 1, your balance is being recorded to wait for the day Pi reaches the mainnet (Phase 3). The transfer or withdrawal of Pi is restricted until the mainnet launch, to prevent fraudulent actions, such as clone users to dig Pi, then transfer Pi to another account and legalize the process. verify your account and use that nefarious Pi number.
8. Should you dig Pi on multiple phones?
No, you SHOULD NOT dig PI on many devices. Pi Network adheres to a strict rule, meaning that only one account can be used per person. Pi Network uses a multi-pronged strategy to ensure that fake accounts cannot exploit Pi First, the Pi network uses Google Recaptcha v3 to know which devices are operated by humans or robots. (This technology is completely invisible to most users, because they are real people, but robots can see the captcha if the google algorithm captures them.) Over time, Pi Network is developing a machine learning algorithm based on actual user exploitation behavior to predict bots. Second, the Pi consensus algorithm (security circle) makes it easy to detect fake accounts. The fake account will not have enough real people to link to them through the security circle. Thus fake accounts will have less linkage with the rest of the network. This anomaly is easy to detect with computer algorithms. Finally, when Pi enters Stage 3 and 4 - Mainnet, only authenticated accounts can exist. Buy
Using the Internet to Donate to Andrew Yang - Cryptocurrency, BAT, and the Brave Browser
Set up tipping to give earned BAT to content creators on Reddit, YouTube, or Twitter. (Another great mission of Brave/BAT.)
Convert to another currency and spend/withdraw.
Donate to Andrew Yang!
Here's how to earn BAT using Brave to support Andrew:
Download Brave browser. Note: There is a referral program for browser downloads. By using a referral link, the referrer will earn $7.50 after ~30 days of use by the downloader. I know that many of us here will happily pass this along to to Yang campaign! ☺️ Work together to utilize this benefit. In order to generate a referral link, you must sign up to be a Brave creator at https://creators.brave.com/. As Reddit users, all of you are capable of signing up to be a creator!
Set up your account at Uphold. You must verify your identity using a driver's license, passport, etc. There are regulations in the US related to knowing your client that Uphold must follow. Initiate this process by clicking the Brave Rewards button > "Verify Wallet" to the right of the address bar. (It's an orange/pink/purple triangle.) This should bring you to uphold.com where they will guide you through creating an account.
After your account is verified on Uphold, ensure that your Brave wallet is synced with Uphold. The "Verify Wallet" text should update to say "Wallet Verified". Your earned BAT will now sync to Uphold.
Once you have BAT in your Uphold wallet, there are a couple of options to get this money to Andrew:
Withdraw to your bank account. You will then use the standard method for donating to Andrew Yang at yang2020.com/donate. Note that there will be a bit of a delay between withdrawal and funds arriving in your account. Uphold also has a 1.95% withdrawal fee.
Easy ways to earn a little bit of cash with referrals, and cryptos
Do you know any small business owner that accepts credit cards? Are you a small business owner that accepts credit cards? Refer your own business, or a business owner and save them money and earn a little bit yourself! A lot of small business owners don't realize they're getting raked over the coals with merchant processing fees. Refer them to Dharma Merchant Services through this and make a few bucks extra a month. https://dharmamerchantservices.com/dharma-referral-program/ I referred one business and get about $7/month average. Another business I referred, I was getting $60-70/month, but they switched to another company because Dharma is out of state and they wanted a local company. :-/ Free Cryptocurrencies Via Brave, Coinbase, and Blockfi 1) Sign up with Coinbase and go to https://www.coinbase.com/earn 2) Watch all the videos, etc and earn as much free cryptos as you can 2) Use the link provided in the BAT section of Coinbase Earn to download and use the Brave internet Browser - you earn what's called Basic Attention Token (BAT). https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/basic-attention-token/ 2) Sign up with Uphold, the company that deals with your BAT/wallet - You'll see it in the Brave rewards tab. Make Sure to set your ad setting to 5/ads per hour, the highest setting. They pay out on the 5th of every month. 3) Transfer your BAT to Coinbase and convert it to Bitcoin, USD Coin, or your cryptocurrency of choice. https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/usd-coin/ . Coinbase offers 1.5% on USD Coin and 5% on Tezos. Or convert all of it into Bitcoin/USD Coin and follow step 4. I've never converted any cryptos from this back into US dollars, but nothing is stopping you from doing it. Optional Step to earn a return on those free cryptos 4) Make an account with Blockfi.com and deposit Bitcoin or USD Coin and start earning getting a return on your deposits. Currently, Blockfi is offering 6% on Bitcoin, and 8.6% on USD Coin. FYI, Blockfi does have a minimum amount you can withdrawal, so once it's in, you may have to keep adding into it, to pull all of it out. You can also deposit ethereum and litecoin, but the rates are way less. It would help me out, at no cost to you, if you use my referral link for Blockfi https://blockfi.com/?ref=5b7fa1b5 I'm on the computer a lot so I average about 30-40 BAT/month so like $5-7/month at current BAT prices. I do have a method I used to make money via coupons, but it violates the rules to tell you how. Message me and I'll tell you.
Freelancing guide for beginners in Venezuela(Without Programming Skillls) / Guía de Freelance para principiantes en Venezuela (Sin conocimiento de programación)
Hello reddit! My name is LinkToU, and i’ve been commissioned by u/justgord to share some of my freelancing experience, living in Venezuela. It might not be much, but hopefully it'll help some people get started. I’ve seen countless numbers of posts here in this subreddit, asking for advice on how to get started, and what are the best ways to receive money, so those are topics i’ll be touching upon in this guide. As the title says, this is a guide that requires NO programming skills, this is meant to be a guide towards beginners, and people that are having a rough time, like i was, two and a half years ago, before getting into this.
Now, without further ado, let’s dive right into this.
What type of work can you expect to find? There are actually a few types of jobs that you can easily find without any specific skill, for example, translations, lead generation, data entry, transcriptions, writing articles, and even being a virtual assistant. This list could go on and on, but i’ll just give you a couple websites where you can find these types of work, and you can go figure out what’s best for you.
Where to find work? Most of the freelance work i've done it's been through two major websites, so i'll talk a little bit about them and about my experience with each.
Spare5 (https://app.spare5.com/) is the crowdworking website that got me into this, . This is basically a crowdworking website where you’ll be reviewing different images, annotating and drawing different polygons to help train AI to identify everyday objects. Getting started in this page is the hardest part, but i’d say it’s just as hard as it was back in 2017 when i started. You’ll first have to complete every tutorial, then move on to the qualifiers and onto paid tasks (be sure that you understand every task before diving into them, because if you don’t perform well on your paid tasks, they’ll be taken away from you, and you might even get permanently banned). The minimum payment is $1, and the payment method that they use is PayPal, you don’t need to have a verified Paypal account, and you WILL NOT get your account limited by just receiving money from this page. Like i said, the hardest part of this page is to get started, as tasks will be scarce, so try not to make any mistakes, and do every task as best as you can, this will guarantee that they give you even more tasks, and eventually, you’ll be assigned permanent tasks, and your dashboard will look something like this: https://imgur.com/a/TSUASME , as you notice, the payment for each task is really low but don’t get discouraged, you’ll want to find one that is easy to do, and that you can memorize the instructions, i’ve made up to $20 in just a couple of hours, out of easy tasks that paid 0.2c each. Of course, you’ll need practice, Practice makes perfect. I have NOT been working on this page lately, because the payment per tasks has been diminished, and tasks only get more and more complicated to complete.
Pros of Spare5
Your payment is 100% secure with them (unless you get banned for underperforming in too many tasks), even if your Paypal account gets limited, you can reimburse the money they’ve sent you back to your Spare5 account (I’ve never done this, but i know it can be done, and the Spare5 team even helps you in the process).
The amount of tasks available are based in your performance, which means if you do well, you’re almost guaranteed to have some work to do whenever there is some available.
Some tasks are easy to do, and pay a good amount, i’ve made up to $50 in a good night, just off of tasks that paid 0.2c each.
Your earnings in this page do not only come from doing tasks yourself, there is a referral program where you’ll get 20% out of the first $100 that EACH of your referrals earns, and they’ll get 10% more out of their first $100 too, just for being referred by you.
Once you have enough experience in the page, you may have the Spare5 team reach out to you personally to test new features that they’re planning to add to the mainpage in the future, or just to interview you and ask questions to you about different things. All of these, are paid, and i’ve been approached on multiple occasions by the Spare5 team to take part in these. There is also a moderator position in their forums, i’m not entirely sure on how it works, but i’ve heard they pay you based on the amount of people that you help, only if you have the moderator role.
Cons of Spare5
As there is a limited number of available tasks, there are bound to be times where none is available, even if you have lots of experience, there are certain times of the year where there’s just no work to do (Usually January). This is what prompted me to stop using this website, and find a more reliable income.
Lots of reading through the instructions of any given task, which is bad specially because you may finish reading the instructions to a given task, only to have to move to another one after a short while, one you run out of available tasks of the kind that you were doing.
You’re subject to the revision of other users, which means, if you complete the task perfectly, but the person reviewing you makes a mistake, you’ll be punished for that. Even if you’re the one reviewing, the way to determine if a given task is good or bad, is based on what % of people reviewing the same image as you, passed it as good or bad, which means if you’re right, and the majority is wrong, again, you’ll be punished for it.
My recommendations for Spare5
Take your time, and really read through every single one of the instructions. If you get banned for underperforming, you will be permanently expelled from the website.
If you are unsure about what to do in a specific case, after reading through the instructions, ask the community for advice, they’re more than happy to help.
If, after you read through every single one of the instructions, and you’ve asked for advice from other community users, and you’re still unsure about a specific case, Skip the image.
Don’t be hesitant to Skip images, it has no negative repercussion whatsoever, i learned to see the skip button, as another tool that i used constantly.
Next, is Reddit, more specifically, the subreddit where i’ve found most of my freelancing jobs, is /slavelabour , where people post any kind of job that they need done (Seriously, any, i’ve seen many kinds of crazy stuff going on there), along with a payment offer, and usually a method. This one is pretty good, since you can find different kinds of work based on your skills, i’ve mostly done data entry types of jobs there, but there are many others easy for beginners, you just have to keep an eye out for when any potential job gets posted. Other similar subreddits that i frequent, but aren’t as active as /slavelabour are: /Jobs4Bitcoins/ , /WorkOnline//ForHire/ Follow the same advice that i will give for /slavelabour , as these work similarly.
You have to be careful and look out for possible scammers
You need a minimum of reddit activity and possibly previous job references.
Pay rates are usually low.
There is a high demand for the job offerings, so you'll have to be quick and be able to pitch yourself well.
My recommendations for these subreddits.
If something looks too good to be true, it probably is.
Ask for your payment upfront, and build trust within the community.
If you’re going to work for someone, check their profile and activity, if anything looks off, don’t risk wasting your time.
Those are the main two websites where i've worked at for the past two years, there are some others that i know of, but since i haven't used them, i don't know how they work.
Now, let's talk a little bit about payment methods, and what are some good options for receiving your money once you've got yourself some gigs.
Payment methods: Now that you know what are some good places to get started, let's talk about what's the best place to receive your payments, and keep your money safe. I’ll take about the few methods that i’ve used myself, such as PayPal, Uphold, AirTM, and most recently, Cryptos.
Where to receive your payments?
PayPal is the easiest way to receive and send money, with medium fees, it's one of the easiest to setup, as well as the most commonly used, from my experience. However your money is not 100% safe here, as your account could be limited, and your assets frozen, until you can prove that your earning aren't illicit, and you're not using PayPal for anything illegal, this latter being the hardest to prove, since, as you know, selling your PayPal money in USD, for Venezuelan currency(Bs), is illegal. If you’re thinking about using PayPal, i’d recommend you to verify your account, with a credit card under your name. Using a virtual credit card, is against PayPal ToS, but i used one anyways and haven’t had any trouble, since there are not many options here in Venezuela, since it’s near impossible to get a proper USD credit card.
Pros of using PayPal
It’s really easy to setup a PayPal account, as well as sending and receiving money.
It’s the most commonly used payment method for freelance gigs.
Exchanging money between PayPal and Venezuela’s currency, is easy, as buyers and exchangers are rather easy to find.
You can refund your money if you were to encounter a scammer whilst exchanging currencies.
There are some websites that guarantee you, and your PayPal account integrity & safety whilst exchanging currency.
It’s possible to withdraw your PayPal balance into an US Bank account, with minimum fees.
Can use your PayPal balance to buy in websites such as Ebay, Wish and many other websites.
Cons of using PayPal:
Fees are too high compared to other platforms.
Verifying your account is a must to protect your money, and some buyers will only buy money from verified accounts.
PayPal’s customer service isn’t very helpful, or understanding when it comes down to trying to recover a limited account.
Scammers might try to refund the money they’ve sent you after you confirm it, and you’d have to dispute.
There is a chance that you could get your account limited, this has never happened to me, however.
My recommendations for using PayPal:
First and foremost, verify your account, it’ll make life much easier for you, and you’ll be able to use your PayPal balance to buy in some eStores.
Don’t send, or receive small amounts of money from other persons, i avoid receiving amounts below $5, and ANYTHING below $1, is an absolutely no-go.
Exchange your currencies only with people you trust, seek for references from people you know, don’t trust strangers. I find that having a trusted buyer to sell to is the best way to go, even if you find someone who’s offering a better price.
Avoid refunds and disputes, as that will draw attention from PayPal’s staff into your account. I’d rather lose $10 to a scammer, than get my whole account frozen.
Uphold is another cloud based financial services platform, similar to PayPal, and with similar fees. The good thing about this platform, is that you can exchange your funds from USD to Crypto, and many other currencies, at the cost of a relatively small fee. I haven’t used this method too much myself, as i used this mainly for it’s Virtual Credit Card feature, which is temporarily not available.
Pros of using Uphold:
You can go from USD to crypto and vice versa easily.
You used to be able to create virtual credit cards, a feature that might come back in the future.
Doesn’t have PayPal’s limitation issue.
Not too hard to use.
Fees are nothing too crazy.
Even if not too many people use Uphold, you can receive crypto payments in all of the mayor coins here.
Cons of using Uphold:
Crypto transactions take hours to complete.
Setting up your account isn’t as easy as some other options.
AirTM is an e-wallet where you can keep your money, and exchange it to other currency, or buy USD with your local money, all in the same platform. Out of all the options i'm going to list for payment methods, this is my least favorite, as the fees are incredibly high, and in my opinion, what this website provides isn't worth it. I haven’t had much experience with AirTM, as the fees are ridiculous, but i’ve used it and i’ll share my experiences.
Pros of using AirTM:
You can receive your money, as well as find exchangers to sell it here.
Provides you with all of the tools you need to exchange your money, 100% safely.
It’s the easiest option in terms of going from receiving payments in USD, to exchanging it into other currencies.
Cons of using AirTM:
Fees are ridiculously high.
It’s not as straightforward as other options in terms of setting up your account, and using this platform will take some time to get used to it.
Asks for a lot of stuff to verify your identity.
Venezuela’s government has previously blocked this website, and claimed to have been “seeking all of the delinquents using this fraudulent website”.
AirTM's website is sometimes blocked by the government and requires the use of a VPN to access it.
Finally, Cryptocurrencies, i’ve only started using this method recently, and i can already say, this is my favorite so far, and the method i’ll mainly use from now onwards, as this has proven to be really easy to set up, and in my opinion, the best option for receiving payments, as you’ll pay minimum fees for your transactions, keep your identity safe, and the exchange rate to Venezuela’s currency is really good. I’d say there is no downside to receiving your payments here, as even if you were worried by the Crypto’s price dropping, you could easily use a third party website to exchange your Crypto, to USD in any other platform you’d like. The cryptocurrencies that i’ve used are Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH), all of the transactions that i’ve done haven’t taken longer than 30 minutes, with the exception of using SideshiftAI to exchange my BCH into BTC, which took about an hour. Setting up a wallet for these is rather easy, however here’s a quick guide for BTC and BCH. https://bitcoin.org/en/getting-started . Also, another point in Crypto’s favor, is that some stores have begun accepting cryptos as a payment method, there’s an app in the Google Play Store named “CryptoLugaresVE” With a list of places accepting crypto as a payment method.
Pros of using Cryptocurrencies:
Fees are extremely low.
Good exchange rates to other currencies.
Easy to set up, and straightforward to use.
You can potentially gain money, if the price of the crypto that you’re using increases.
Can be used as a payment method in a lot of eShops, and some stores in Venezuela.
Payments sent to you cannot be refunded
Cons of using Cryptocurrencies:
You can lose money, if the price of the crypto that you’re using drops.
Cannot refund your payments.
Transactions can sometimes take a long time to complete, although this hasn’t happened to me.
Due to the volatility of crypto’s price, it’s not good to keep your savings.
My recommendations for using Cryptocurrencies:
Don’t keep any money that you can’t afford to lose in crypto, so that if the price drops, you won’t be back at square cero.
Exchange your cryptos only with trusted buyers, or using safe third party websites, to ensure you don’t get scammed, since you can’t refund money.
Change your address after each trade.
Finally, i’ll talk a little bit about the couple websites that you can use to safely exchange money from USD, to Venezuela’s currency. Other than these, you’d have to find someone of your trust to exchange your currency.
Where to safely exchange your earnings to Venezuela’s currency?
Appbb (https://www.appbb.co/) is an eStore that will also buy funds from all kinds of platforms (Payoneer, Uphold, Paypal, Cryptos, etc.), while they might not have the best rates, they are reliable, safe, and a good option. The downside of this site, is that hey have a set amount transactions that they’re going to make per day, so you’ll have to wait for the store to open every morning, and grab your ticket. I haven’t used this shop in a while, i know that they’ve changed it, and i’m not sure how it works for exchanging your currencies anymore, but you can ask for advice in their facebook page and their support team is always really helpful.
Localbitcoins (https://localbitcoins.com/) is a trading website where you can sell/buy bitcoins from different users safely. This website works only for selling Bitcoin, but you can buy bitcoins with money from any other platform, at a fair rate, and sell the bitcoins that you’ve bought.
Foro-Ptc (https://www.foro-ptc.com/) is a whole website dedicated to making money online, there’s all kinds of useful content here, i recommend you to check it out, but more importantly, there is whole section dedicated to selling and buying USD for local currency. You’ll need a 30 days old account, and some posts before you can PM anyone you want, but there are some trusted buyers/sellers whom you’ll be able to send PMs to right away, so you can safely exchange with them.
That’s it for now, I’ll probably update the guide as i learn more and try out new stuff, as well as with your feedback. I just want to thank u/justgord for giving me the opportunity to share all of this with you guys!
Hola Reddit! Mi nombre es LinkToU, y u/justgord me comisionó para compartir con ustedes mi experiencia trabajando como freelancer en Venezuela. He visto un montón de posts de gente pidiendo consejos para comenzar, cuáles son las mejores plataformas para recibir dinero, y cosas así, así que esos serán los temas que trataré en esta guía para principiantes. Como dice el título, esta es una guía para personas que no tienen conocimiento de programación, sólo necesitarán un buen conocimiento de Inglés.
¿Qué tipo de trabajo se puede encontrar? Hay varios tipos de trabajos que puedes realizar sin tener ningún tipo de conocimiento específico, por ejemplo, “lead generation”, registro de data, transcripciones, escritor de artículos, o incluso asistente virtual. Podría seguir nombrando tipos de trabajo, pero lo mejor será que les diga algunos lugares para encontrar trabajo, y que ustedes decidan qué es lo mejor.
¿Dónde puedes encontrar trabajo? He trabajado principalmente a través de dos sitios web, así que hablaré un poco de mi experience en cada uno de ellos.
Spare5 (https://app.spare5.com/) es el sitio web de “crowdworking” con el que comencé a trabajar, hace dos años. Básicamente, estarás revisando diferentes imágenes, anotando y delineando diferentes objetos para ayudar a entrenar inteligencia artificial a identificar dichos objetos. Diría que lo más difícil, es comenzar en esta página, pero no es mucho más difícil que en el 2017, cuando yo comencé, así que aún es posible. Lo primero que tendrás que hacer, será completar los tutoriales, que te darán acceso a algunos calificadores, que determinarán si estás listo o no para tareas pagas (asegúrate de comprender bien cada una de las tareas, antes de comenzar a hacerlas, ya que si no las haces bien, te las quitarán y te podrían banear permanentemente.) El mínimo de pago es $1, pagado a través de PayPal, no hace falta tener una cuenta de PayPal verificada, y recibir fondos de esta página NO hará que tu cuenta de PayPal sea bloqueada. Como dije antes, lo más difícil de esta página es comenzar, al principio las tareas serán escasas, así que asegúrate de hacerlas bien, ya que esa es la única manera de garantizar que te seguirán enviando tareas. Eventualmente, te darán tareas fijas, y tu panel principal se verá algo así https://imgur.com/a/TSUASME . El pago por cada tarea es bajo, pero lo importante es encontrar una cuál sea fácil y memorizar las instrucciones. Yo he hecho hasta $20 en un par de horas, con tareas fáciles que pagaban 0.2c cada una. Sólo hace falta práctica. Últimamente no he trabajado en esta página, ya que la paga por las tareas ha disminuido, y sólo son más difíciles de hacer cada vez.
Ventajas de Spare5:
Tu pago está asegurado en esta página (A menos que te baneen por hacer las tareas mal), e incluso si tu cuenta de PayPal es bloqueada, puedes reembolsar el dinero que te hayan pagado a tu cuenta de Spare5 (Nunca lo he hecho, pero sé que se puede hacer, y el equipo de soporte de Spare5 también te asiste en esto.)
La cantidad de tareas que tienes disponibles se basa en tu desempeño en tareas previas del mismo tipo, así que si las haces bien, garantizas tener trabajo siempre que haya alguno disponible.
Hay algunas tareas que son fáciles de hacer, y pagan bien, he ganado hasta $50 en una noche solo con tareas que pagaban 0.2c cada una.
Tus ganancias en esta página no vienen solamente de las tareas, hay un sistema de referidos que te paga un 20% de los primeros $100 que cada uno de tus referidos gane, y ellos recibirán 10% más de sus primeros $100, sólamente por usar tu código de referido.
Una vez tengas suficiente experiencia en esta página, puede que el equipo de Spare5 se comunique contigo personalmente para que pruebes nuevas características que piensan añadir a la página principal, o simplemente para entrevistarte y pedirte tu opinión sobre ciertas cosas. En cualquiera de estos casos, te pagarían por tu tiempo, mucho más de lo que ganarías normalmente haciendo tareas. También existe una posición de moderador de los foros, en la cuál he escuchado que te pagan basado en la cantidad de personas que has ayudado, una vez tienes el rol de moderador.
Desventajas de Spare5:
Ya que hay un número limitado de tareas, habrá tiempos donde no habrá ninguna disponible, incluso si tienes una gran cantidad de experiencia en la página, hay ciertas épocas del año en las que simplemente no hay tareas disponibles (Usualmente, en Enero). Esto es lo que hizo que dejara esta página, y buscara una manera más consistente de generar ingresos.
Hay que leer un montón de instrucciones para completar cualquier tarea, y una vez termines de leerlas, puede que tengas que elegir otra diferente, debido a que la tarea que ibas a hacer ya no está disponible.
Estás sujeto a la revisión de otros usuarios, lo que significa que aunque completes la tarea perfectamente, si la persona que te revisa comete un error, serás castigado por eso. Incluso si tú revisas la tarea, la manera que ellos utilizan para determinar si una tarea está bien o mal, se basa en la media de los usuarios que la marcaron como correcta o incorrecta, así que si tu estás en la minoría, serás castigado por eso nuevamente.
Mis recomendaciones para Spare5
Tómate tu tiempo y lee cada una de las instrucciones. Si te banean por hacer las tareas mal, serás vetado permanentemente de este sitio web.
Si estás inseguro sobre qué hacer en un caso específico, pregúntale a la comunidad.
Si luego de leer las instrucciones, y pedirle consejo a la comunidad, sigues inseguro, omite la imagen.
No dudes en omitir las imágenes, no tiene ninguna consecuencia negativa, debes ver el botón de “Omitir”, como una herramienta cualquiera.
Lo siguiente, es Reddit, más específicamente, el subreddit donde encuentro usualmente trabajo de freelance es /slavelabour , dónde las personas publican cualquier tipo de trabajo que necesiten sea completado, junto con un método de pago, y una oferta, para encontrar a alguna persona dispuesta a hacerlo. Esta opción es especialmente buena, ya que puedes encontrar muchos tipos de trabajo, dependiendo de tus cualificaciones. Yo he hecho mayormente trabajos de registro de data, pero hay muchas otras opciones fáciles para comenzar, sólo hay que estar pendiente de cuando puedan ser publicadas nuevas oportunidades. Otros subreddits similares que frecuento pero no son tan activos como /slavelabour son: /Jobs4Bitcoins/ , /WorkOnline/ , /ForHire/ Sigan los mismos consejos que daré para /slavelabour , ya que estos funcionan de manera similar.
Se necesita un mínimo de actividad en tu cuenta de reddit para participar en estos subreddits.
Las pagas son bajas, por lo general.
Hay una gran demanda para cada oferta de trabajo, así que hay que ser rápido, y saber la mejor manera de venderse a sí mismo como candidato.
Mis recomendaciones para estos subreddits.
Si algo se ve demasiado bueno para ser verdad, probablemente lo sea.
Pide tu pago por adelantado, y construye una buena reputación en la comunidad.
Si piensas trabajar para alguien, revisa su perfil, y si algo se ve fuera de lugar, no arriesges perder tu tiempo y ser estafado.
Métodos de pago: Ahora que saben cuáles son algunos buenos lugares para empezar a conseguir trabajo, les hablaré sobre cuáles son las mejores plataformas de pago para recibir dinero, y mantenerlo seguro. Hablaré sólo de los que he usado, como PayPal, Uphold, AirTM, y recientemente, Criptomonedas. ¿Dónde recibir tus pagos?
PayPal es la manera más fácil de recibir y enviar dinero, con comisiones aceptables, y también es la más fácil de comenzar a usar. Igualmente, tu dinero no está 100% seguro en PayPal, ya que tu cuenta podría ser limitada y tu saldo retenido hasta que puedas probar que no estás recibiendo fondos de ninguna actividad ilícita, o invirtiendo en alguna. Esto último es difícil de probar, ya que vender fondos de PayPal en Dólares(USD), a cambio de la moneda Venezolana (Bs), es ilegal. Si planeas usar PayPal, recomiendo que verifiques tu cuenta con una tarjeta de crédito bajo tu nombre. Usar una tarjeta de crédito virtual, va contra los TDS de PayPal, yo igualmente usé una (Y no he tenido ningún problema), ya que no hay muchas opciones en Venezuela, debido a que es prácticamente imposible conseguir una tarjeta de crédito
Ventajas de usar PayPal
Es fácil de comenzar a usar, y enviarecibir dinero también es fácil. Es el método de pago más usado para trabajos de freelance.
Cambiar dinero de tu cuenta de PayPal a la moneda de Venezuela es fácil, ya que los compradores son fáciles de encontrar.
Puedes reembolsar tu dinero en caso de que seas estafado al intentar vender tu saldo PayPal.
Hay ciertas páginas web, y métodos que garantizan tu seguridad y la de tu cuenta PayPal al realizar ventas de tu saldo PayPal.
Puedes retirar tu dinero de PayPal, a una cuenta bancaria en dólares (o dependiendo de la moneda) de algún país extranjero, con comisiones mínimas.
Puedes usar tu balance de PayPal para comprar en ciertos sitios web, como Wish, Ebay, u otros.
Desventajas de usar PayPal
Las comisiones son altas comparadas a otras plataformas de pago.
Debes verificar tu cuenta para proteger tu dinero, y algunos compradores sólo adquieren saldo de cuentas verificadas.
El servicio al cliente de PayPal no es muy útil, o comprensivo cuando intentas recuperar una cuenta limitada.
Puede que algunos estafadores intenten reembolsar el dinero que te enviaron luego de que terminas el trabajo, y tendrás que disputar su reembolso.
Existe la posibilidad de que tu cuenta sea límitada (aunque nunca me ha sucedido).
Mis recomendaciones para usar PayPal
Primero que nada, verifica tu cuenta, esto hará las cosas mucho más fáciles para tí, y podrás usar tu balance de PayPal para comprar en eStores.
No envíes ni recibas pequeñas cantidades de dinero de otras personas, yo personalmente evito recibir cantidades menores a $5, y no acepto ninguna cantidad menor a $1.
Realiza tus cambios sólo con personas en las que confíes, busca referencias de personas que conozcas, y no confíes en extraños. Tener un comprador fijo es la mejor manera de mantener tu dinero seguro, aunque no siempre ofrecen el mejor precio.
Evita los reembolsos y las disputas, ya que eso atraerá atención no deseada a tu cuenta de PayPal. Es mejor perder $10 por un estafador, que todo el saldo de tu cuenta por un bloqueo.
Uphold es otra plataforma similar a paypal, con comisiones similares. El punto a favor de esta plataforma, es que puedes intercambiar tus fondos de USD, a muchas otras criptomonedas, u otra moneda extranjera, al costo de una comisión relativamente pequeña. No he usado mucho este método, lo utilizaba principalmente por la función de crear una tarjeta de crédito virtual, pero esta está temporalmente desactivada.
Ventajas de usar Uphold
Puedes intercambiar tu saldo de USD a otra moneda, o incluso criptomonedas, fácilmente.
En el futuro, es posible que vuelva la función de crear una tarjeta de crédito virtual.
No tiene el problema de limitación de PayPal.
No es difícil de usar.
Las comisiones no son muy altas.
Aunque no muchas personas usen Uphold, puedes recibir pagos en criptomonedas aquí.
Desventajas de usar Uphold
En mi experiencia, las transacciones con criptomonedas tardan horas en ser confirmadas.
Configurar tu cuenta para comenzar a utilizar Uphold no es tan fácil como en otras opciones.
AirTM es una billetera electrónica donde puedes guardar tu dinero, e intercambiarlo a otras monedas, o incluso comprar monedas extranjeras con tu moneda local, todo en la misma plataforma. No he utilizado mucho esta plataforma, debido a que las comisiones son ridículamente altas, pero siempre la he visto como una especie de plan de contingencia, en caso de que necesite dinero, y no haya ninguna otra opción disponible.
Ventajas de usar AirTM
Puedes recibir dinero, y encontrar compradores en una misma plataforma.
Tiene todas las herramientas necesarias para cambiar tu dinero 100% seguro.
Es la opción más fácil en términos de pasar de recibir dinero a cambiarlo a otras monedas.
Desventajas de usar AirTM:
Las comisione son extremadamente altas.
No es tan fácil configurar tu cuenta, y tomará algo de tiempo acostumbrarte a usar esta plataforma.
Pide un montón de cosas para verificar tu identidad.
El gobierno de Venezuela ha bloqueado previamente esta plataforma, y dijo estar “buscando a todos los delincuentes vinculados a esta página criminal”.
Finalmente, Criptomonedas, empecé a usar este método de pago recientemente, pero hasta ahora, es mi favorito, y probablemente sea el que utilice de ahora en adelante para recibir mis pagos, ya que es fácil de configurar, y en mi opinión, la mejor forma de recibir pagos, ya que cuenta con las comisiones más bajas por transacción, mantiene tu identidad segura, y el ratio de intercambio de criptomoneda a moneda venezolana es bueno. Diría que no hay ninguna desventaja a recibir tus pagos en criptomonedas, ya que incluso si te preocupa que el precio de la criptomoneda baje, puedes usar un sitio web de algún tercero para cambiar tus criptomonedas a cualquier otra plataforma de tu preferencia, a un buen precio. Las criptomonedas que he utilizado son Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin (BTC) y Ethereum (ETH), todas las transacciones que he realizado no han tardado más de 30 minutos en completarse, con la excepción de cuando usé SideshiftAI para cambiar mi saldo BCH a BTC, y aún en ese caso, tardó cerca de una hora. Crear una billetera es fácil, igualmente, aquí hay una guía para comenzar en BTC y BCH. https://bitcoin.org/es/como-empezar Otro punto en el favor de las criptomonedas, es que algunas tiendas en Venezuela han comenzado a aceptar estas como método de pago, hay una app en la Google Play Store llamada “CryptoLugaresVE” Con una lista de lugares que aceptan criptomonedas como forma de pago.
Ventajas de Usar Criptomonedas:
Las comisiones son extremadamente bajas
Buen ratio de cambio a otras monedas.
Fácil de usar
Puedes ganar dinero potencialmente, si la criptomoneda que usas aumenta en precio.
Puedes usarla como método de pago en muchas tiendas virtuales, y algunas tiendas de Venezuela.
No es posible reembolsar pagos que te hayan enviado.
Desventajas de usar Criptomonedas
Puedes perder dinero si la criptomoneda que usas pierde valor.
No puedes reembolsar tus pagos.
Las transacciones pueden tardar un montón de tiempo en completarse.
Debido a la volatilidad del precio de las criptomonedas, no es buena opción para guardar tus ahorros.
Mis recomendaciones para usar Criptomonedas
No guardes dinero que no puedes perder en criptomonedas, así, si el precio baja, no perderás mucho.
Intercambia tus criptomonedas sólo con compradores confiables, o utiliza algún sitio web de terceros que asegure tu dinero.
Cambia la dirección de tu billetera luego de cada transacción.
Por último, hablaré sobre un par de sitios web donde pueden intercambiar dinero de dólares, a la moneda local venezolana. Aparte de estos, existen otros sitios webs de confianza, y siempre está la posibilidad de encontrar una persona de confianza para realizar todos sus cambios de USD - Bs.
¿Dónde puedo cambiar mis ganancias de forma segura a la moneda local de Venezuela?
Appbb (https://www.appbb.co/) es una tienda virtual que también compra saldo de diferentes plataformas (Payoneer, Uphold, Paypal, Criptos, etc.), y aunque no tienen las mejores tasas, son una opción confiable, segura y buena. Lo malo de esta página es que tienen una cantidad limitada de cupos por día, así que tendrán que esperar a que la tienda abra cada día, y agarrar su cupo rápidamente. No he usado esta tienda en algún tiempo, sé que han cambiado un par de cosas y ya no estoy tan seguro de cómo funciona, pero pueden escribir directamente a su página de facebook y su equipo de soporte siempre está atento allí.
Localbitcoins (https://localbitcoins.com/) es un sitio web de intercambios donde puedes vender o comprar bitcoins de diferentes usuarios de forma segura. Este sitio web solo funciona para vender Bitcoins, pero es posible comprar bitcoins con dinero de cualquier otra plataforma, con una buena tasa, para luego venderlos.
Foro-Ptc (https://www.foro-ptc.com/) es un foro dedicado a generar ganancias online, hay muchos recursos interesantes aquí que les recomiendo lean, pero más importante, hay una sección completa dedicada a la venta y compra de dólares por la moneda local. Hace falta una cuenta con 30 días de antigüedad, y algunos posts antes de poder enviar mensajes privados a cualquier persona, pero hay algunos vendedores designados a quienes podrás enviar mensajes sin importar la antigüedad de tu cuenta, con quienes podrás hacer intercambios sin tener que esperar.
Eso es todo por ahora, probablemente siga actualizando la guía mediante vaya aprendiendo nuevas cosas, o con sus recomendaciones. Sólo quiero agradecerle a u/Justgord por darme la oportunidad para compartir todo esto con ustedes!
Helllo, I am Oleg, and I am running Nexchange.io. At Nexchange we aim at making things better than they currently are. Yesterday we had a trade of 165 BTC on our platform (around $1m). https://nexchange.io/ordeOSMQ6L Our algorithm decided to use uphold as a liquidity provider for this tx, as they had a good market rate with only 2% fee including the slippage. Once the money was deposited to Uphold, they immediately froze the account, asking for 'source of wealth' 'due diligence' and 'KYC'. The exact quote from the email would be: "When you initially created your account you have indicated an estimated volume of 100 000 USD per day, today you have exceeded this estimation, thus your account is frozen until you provide further documentation" (all trades were crypto to crypto) To this email I have responded with the link to trade which is above, as well as full audit-able list of orders on our platform via our API https://api.nexchange.io/en/api/v1/orders/ I have a verified business account with this firm for 2 years. Naturally when I was starting Bitcoin was much cheaper, the volumes were lower, and my business grew since then. In fact their claim that I've exceeded my stated volume is incorrect, since none of my transactions were in fiat, and quoting by the BTC price at the time of signing the forms, $100k are actually 250 BTC! By reviewing their terms and conditions there are no limits to neither crypto funding and crypto volumes. I even had a face to face meeting with the technical team in Braga demonstrating my product earlier this year, followed by a Skype call with the business executive to try and negotiate better fees for my high volumes. On neither of those instances any problem with my way of operation was brought to my knowledge by the team. I wrote their support, explaining the situation, but there is no response. So far there is more than $1.5m hanging funds on their exchange and no-one to talk to. On the accumulated position size (200 BTC) my customers are losing thousands of USD every hour, but nobody in uphold seems to care, despite the fact they made 50 000 USD on fees from my company this week alone. Stay away from those guys, They are thieves!
The History, The Current State And The Future Of NavCoin
The History, The Current State And The Future Of NavCoin
This is it. If you're interested to see what NAV is all about, this is the ultimate guide for you. You will learn about the history of NavCoin and how it evolved. You will learn about the current state and features of NavCoin and you will learn about the exciting new features that are planned and coming up in the (near) future. So buckle up, this is going to be a long ride!
Table Of Content
What is NavCoin?
Rebranding to SummerCoinV2 /NavajoCoin
Rebranding to NavCoin
The Current State
Tutorials And Guidelines
Where can you use NAV?
Introduction - What is NavCoin?
NavCoin is a cryptocurrency that has been publicly traded since mid 2014. It's a fork of the latest version of Bitcoin Core with many additional features and functionalities which differentiate NAV from other cryptos.
NavCoin has been one of the first projects to switch to Proof of Stake and is still using PoS to validate and generate blocks. NavCoin didn't have an ICO or a premine. It is self-funded from the beginning and primarily, but not solely maintained by developers of Encrypt-S - the NavCoin Core team (see below for more info about the team).
NAV is trying to simplify cryptocurrencies for the masses. It does this by providing features which make it easy to use like the implementation of OpenAlias, which allows people to send NAV to an email-like address (for example [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])). It also provides very easy to use desktop and mobile wallets.
NAV also provides optional privacy. You can send transactions publicly or private, as you prefer.
It's block speed is really fast with about 30 seconds per block. Transactions are confirmed as spendable within only 30 second which makes it ideal for retail and e-commerce.
High levels of scalability (260+ transactions per second)
It currently has a market cap of 11.6kk (as of writing) and trades for about $0.18 / 4'872 Sats per NAV. The circulating supply is 64kk with no max supply (with an inflation of about 4%).
Staking NavCoin currently yields about 8–10% of your holdings per year. This number depends on how many NAV are currently staking. The minimum return is about 4% (if every single NAV would be staking).
NAV is available on many different exchanges with the biggest ones being Binance, Bittrex and Poloniex.
Introduction The following chapter will summarize and break down the history of NavCoin in a few sentences. NAV started a long time ago, went through rebrandings and changes of the core team before it became what it is today. SummerCoin NavCoin was initially first introduced under the name SummerCoin on April 23 in 2014. SummerCoin was a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain. It used to have a PoW/PoS hybrid algorithm with a block time of 45 seconds. SummerCoinV2 /NavajoCoin Soon after the initial launch of SummerCoin, the original developer left and SoopY (soopy452000 on bitcointalk) took over as the main developer and rebranded the project to SummerCoinV2 respectively NavajoCoin and introduced new features. The name NavajoCoin was chosen in honor of the Navajo Code Talker. The unbreakable Navajo code was used to encrypt highly classified military information and commands and decrypt the same in WW II. SoopY introduced a technology which allowed sending transactions anonymously and private. This technology was called "Navajo Anonymous Technology". SoopY also released a new wallet and set the Proof of Stake rewards at 10% for the first year, 5% for the second year and 2% for every year after. NavCoin On August 12, 2014, Craig (current lead core developer, pakage on bitcointalk) started to get involved with NAV by helping to set up a website . It was officially announced that Craig joined the core team as a "Wallet & Web Developer" on November 06, 2014. The last tokenswap and restart of the blockchain of NAV happened on May 12, 2016. Soon later, SoopY stopped showing up and Craig stepped into the role of the lead core developer. Since then, Craig has assembled a strong team with which he built NavCoin into what it is today. Currently, Craig and the NavCoin Core team is located in New Zealand and they are actively developing many ground-braking features which differentiate NAV from other cryptocurrencies. You will read more about that later in this article.
The Current State
Introduction The year 2018 has been a thriving year for the NavCoin ecosystem. Despite the USD price of NAV not reflecting it, in 2018 the core team has developed a whole bunch of new features. Also the core content creators published the first official guidelines that function as an orientation guide for community content creators. This chapter will give you an overview of the current team, the features, the prior mentioned guidelines and the community of NavCoin. Core Team  Last year, the core team has grown alot. It contains of developers, content creators and interns. The core team are employees of Encrypt S, the New Zealand's leading blockchain R&D lab. Encrypt S is developing blockchain solutions since 2014 and values building open-source software highly. Craig MacGregor - Chief Executive Officer Craig is the CEO of Encrypt S and the founder of NavCoin. He is one of the world's most experienced blockchain developers. Craig founded NavCoin in 2014 and is developing software for it since then. He has assembled a strong team of like-minded people. Craig also speaks at seminars and conferenced. Some of the companies and conferences he did blockchain education sessions at are Oracle, Xero, Air New Zealand, Blok Tex and trademe. Together with the team, he is also doing a education series on YouTube where he explains upcoming features in-depth for the community. Alex Vazquez - Chief Technical Officer Alex is the CTO of Encrypt S and the most active contributor to the NavCoin core Github. He has incredible knowledge of blockchains and proposes and implements solutions for challenges and features. He supports community developers frequently and answers any questions of the community thoroughly. Like Craig, Alex is developing software for the NavCoin ecosystem for a very long time. Alex speaks at universities at times and educates students about the blockchain technology. Paul Sanderson - Lead Software Engineer Paul is the Lead Software Engineer at Encrypt S. He has a flair for technology. His technical and management skills are perfectly suited for consultancy and investment advising. He also frequently contributes to the NavCoin core source code. Rowan Savage - Senior Software Engineer Rowan is a full stack software engineer with more than a decade experience in developing complex front-end web applications. He joined Encrypt S in February 2018 and has since been involved in the Valence Plattform, the Kauri Wallet and NavCoin Core. You will read more about these feature/projects later. Carter Xiao - Lead UX/UI Designer Carter specializes in user-centric design and is also very talented with 3D animation, motion graphics and programming. One of NavCoins core principle is "Simplifying Crypto" and UX/UI is a very important part of that. Matt Paul - Software Engineer Like Rowan, Matt is a full stack Software Engineer. He joined the core team in Mai 2017 and has since worked on NavPay, NavPi, the Kauri Wallet and NavCoin Core. Kieren Hyland - Chief Strategy Officer Kieren is one of the employees that are working for Encrypt S for a very long time. He is the CSO and is a digital strategist and growth hacker with a passion for new technology and has a lot of experience in online marketing. Laura Harris - Creative Director Laura has a combination of commercial and creative flair. She manages the social media accounts for NavCoin and ensures, that NavCoins' message is always powerful, relevant and distinctive. John Darby - Content Creator John is an internationally awarded Technology and Financial sector marketing communications specialist. He is one of the Core Content Creators for NavCoin. Features of NavCoin  The following features are currently available and have been developed in the last months and years. It is sorted from newest to oldest. Static Block Reward The soft-fork for the enabling of static block rewards have been accepted and became active recently at 5th January 2019. This means, that the block reward was changed from a percentage based reward to a static reward. This will incentivize the stakers to have their node online 24/7 which increased the security of the network. It also aligns NavCoin with the PoSv3 specification. With this implementation, the yearly inflation will be 3.6% currently and will exponentionally decrease because of the static value of the rewards. Every staked block will now give the staker 2 NAV. Depending on how many people are staking, the yearly percentage varies. With the network weight currently being around 20'000'000 NAV, stakers earn around 10% rewards from staking 24/7. Cold staking To provide extra security to participants in the staking process in the NavCoin network, the core team decided to implement cold staking. This allows to store NAV offline and still be able to sign staking inputs. Looking forward, a possible integration into the Ledger Nano S would mean, that one can stake NAV securely from a offline hardware wallet. How cool is that? OpenAlias One of the core principle of NAV is to simplify cryptocurrencies. Many non-technical people are deterred from the long, cryptic addresses used in wallets. When sending funds, you have to make sure that every single letter and digit is correct which is nerve-wracking for the average person. NavCoin has implemented OpenAlias, which allows to transform the wallet address into a email-like form. Everyone can register a name like "[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])". Funds can then be sent to this name, which makes sending crypto much easier and less error-prone. Community Fund This is the one big feature I was most excited about. NavCoin core has implemented the first fully decentralized community fund. Acceptance of proposals and release of funds is all approved by the decentralized network. No central authority has access to the fund. The community fund enables everyone to propose their ideas to the NavCoin community and to get paid to implement these ideas. Everyone can propose whatever they like (of course there is a higher rate of success if the proposal contributes to the NavCoin ecosystem ;-)). In fact, this article was sponsored by the NAV-Community by voting "yes" for my proposal. The fund works like this: For a fee of 50 NAV, everyone can create and present his idea/proposal to the entire NavCoin network. The fee is here to help prevent spam attacks. Proposals can literally be anything - be it development, marketing or anything else you can some up with. After creating the proposal, everyone contributing to the NavCoin network can then decide if they like the proposal of not. They vote with "Yes" or "No" for the acceptance of the proposal. Voting happens via staking. Every transaction that gets validated by you gives you one vote. This means that the more NAV you are staking, the higher your voting weight is. The proposal stays in the state "Pending" until it is accepted or rejected. To be accepted, a proposal has to have a participation of at least 50% of all staked blocks and at least 75% of these votes have to be "Yes"-votes. Like-wise to be rejected a proposal need 50% participation of the network and 75% of these votes have to be "No"-votes. Additionally, if a proposal didn't pass after 6 voting cycles (about 6 weeks) it is also rejected. After a proposal has been accepted, the creator of the proposal can start his work. When the work is finished, or at in the proposal defined checkpoints, the proposal creator can create a payment request for the full or part of the requested funds. The NavCoin network can then again decide, if the work is what the creator promised to do and vote for the funds or reject the payment request because it was not what he promised. This mechanism ensures, that the funds are only release if the creator of the proposal did what he promised. The NavCoin network decides everything, there is no central authority which makes the community fund 100% decentralized. The community fund is quite new but there have already been some proposals that were accepted like paying for the development & hosting of NAV block explorer, the creation and distribution of NAV car stickers to the community for free (or paid by the community fund), the funding of interns for NavCoin Core, translation of the website into other languages and YouTube videos. What ideas could you come up with? By the way: this article was also sponsored by the community fund :-) Proof of Stake Like said before, NavCoin uses the Proof of Stake algorithm to create and validate blocks. Participants of the NavCoin network can earn rewards by putting their coins to stake and thus validating blocks and securing the network. The reward used to be 4% fixed but recently changed with the implementation of PoSv3. Currently, rewards for stakers that are staking 24/7 is about 10% but it is dependent on how many people are staking. If more nodes come online, this reward will go down. If 90% of all NAVs would be at stake, stakers would still earn 4%. Tutorials And Guidelines  The NavCoin Core team pushes the community to contribute to the NavCoin ecosystem constantly. They emphasize that NavCoin is an open source project and everyone can contribute. The team tries to make it as easy as possible for the average person to contribute and thus created different tutorials and guidelines. Tutorials To Contribute To The Website The whole website is open source. Everyone can contribute to the website. The team created different guides for people to follow . The NavCoin Developer Manifesto The content creator core team has build a developer manifesto. It defines the values that should be uphold like for example that they will always operate in the best interest of the network. If defines the principles, purposes, scope of involvement and operational requirements . The NavCoin Content Creation Manifesto Similar to the developer manifesto, there is also a content creation manifesto. Again it defines the principles for creating content, the purpose, the scope of involvement and the operational requirements . NavCoin Brand Guidelines In addition to the content creation manifesto, there is also a brand guideline booklet. This should help content creators to create images, videos, articles etc. in the same style as the core team. It defines the NAV brand. The brand guidelines contain definitions, the language to use (words to use, words not to use), the tone of voice, what the community aspires to be and what we discourage to be. It also contains the logo pack which can be used in graphics etc. It describes correct logo spacing, logo placement, the colors of NAV and different web assets. It gives tips about gradients and overlays, the typefaces (with a font pack) and many more. Check it out yourself . NavCoin Educational Series The core team has decided to actively involve the community in the creation of new features. For this reason and to allow users to ask questions, they created the NavCoin Educational Series. The core team schedules an online live meetup which can be joined by everyone. On YouTube they do live-streams and explain upcoming features. Examples of these series are explanations for cold staking, static rewards (PoSv3) and the community fund. The community can ask questions live and the core team will answer them immediately. Community During the last year there have been an influx of software developers from the community starting to create features for NAV. navexplorer.com An examples is navexplorer.com which is programmed by community developer prodpeak and is a block explorer for NavCoin. Additionally, it functions as a interface to see what is going on in the community fund. It shows pending proposals and payment requests. NEXT Wallet The NEXT Wallet is an alternative wallet for NAV and other cryptocurrencies. It has a beautiful user interface and is additionally the easiest interface to interact with the community fund (create proposals, create payment requests and vote for proposals and payment requests). It is programmed by community developer sakdeniz who put hundreds of hours into it during last year. There were also some marketing activities starting to emerge with the release of the community fund. Some of these were for example free stickers for everyone in the NAV community to stick to their car / shop / window etc. or YouTube videos of CryptoCandor and Cryptomoonie that explained the details of NAV. I am sure, that with the 500'000 NAV available in the community fund per year there will be an influx of gread ideas - development as well as marketing activities - that will be funded.
Introduction These features are planned for the future. Many of the following features are part of the 2019 roadmap. Some will not be described in great detail because not much is known about them yet. I've still listed them as they are part of what is yet to come. Features Rimu - Improved Privacy Solution NavCoin used to be a optional privacy coin. That means, that you could choose to send a transaction in private. NavCoin was criticized for the way it handles private payments because it relied on a few servers which didn't make it that decentralized. The technology was called "NavTech" and was a secondary blockchain that obscured the transaction and the amount that was sent. NavCoin Core is currently developing a new improved privacy solution that will make the private payment system completely trustless and districuted and runs at a protocol level. Alex of the NavCoin Core team has published a paper that describes this new privacy solution. It's called Zero Confidential Transactions and can be found here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330366788_ZeroCT_Improving_Zerocoin_with_Confidential_Transactions_and_more. What I want to highlight is the collaboration between Alex as the proposer of the solution and the Veil team, a Bitcoin Core developer and Moneros main cryptographer as reviewers. When the best work together, it will be interesting to see what the outcome is! Valence Plattform  Valence is an applied Blockchain platform that can help businesses realise the tangible benefits of blockchain. You can think of Valence as a platform with which you can build Anonymous Distributed Applications (aDapps) with. But Valence is a different kind of platform that enables developers to create new types of blockchain applications. The problem with current (turing complete) dApp platforms are their complexity and rigid nature. Security holes in smart contracts and scaling issues happen frequently . Valence provides transitional pathways that let businesses migrate only part of their activities to the blockchain without having to restructure their entire business model .
Valence will provide a spectrum of blockchain application solutions which sit along the decentralized spectrum, offering businesses simple ways to dip their toes into the blockchain at minimal risk or complexity .
Thanks to the proof of stake nature of the Valence blockchain, more of a node's resources can be used for processing and routing application data which makes the platform faster and scalable.
Valence aims to make building blockchain applications as accessible to the general public as WordPress or Squarespace has made building websites.
The developers NavCoin and Valence aim to make Valence extremely easy to work with:
A Valence application could be an open source mobile or web application that submits unencrypted or encrypted data directly to the blockchain. The only configuration necessary for the app developer would be setting up the data structure. Once they've done that they can start writing to the blockchain immediately. The Valence blockchain interface is language agnostic, meaning developers are free to build applications in whichever language they're familiar with, which greatly reduces the barrier to entry. As the platform progresses, Valence will introduce more and more smart contract templates in collaboration with the development community. These will be like plugins that users can simply select and configure for their application, without having to reinvent the wheel and risk contract errors or spend countless hours of research to program them.
NavShopper The following information is taken from the latest weekly news: NavShopper is a new project which will allow people to spend NavCoin on a growing list of retailers and service providers. NavShopper sits between traditional retailers accepting fiat and NavCoin users and purchases products on behalf of the user by managing the crypt-fiat conversion, payment and shipping. This project will unlock many more ways for people to spend NAV on existing websites/marketplaces without requiring each site to individually accept cryptocurrencies. Some of the prototypes we are working on include crediting your Uber account, buying products on Amazon and donating to charities. Kauri Wallet The Kauri Wallet aims to be an open-source, multi-currency wallet which functions as a foundation for other features. Kauri Enhanced Enhancements to the Kauri Wallet will allow multiple accounts, pin numbers, recurring payments and more. Kauri DAEx The Kauri DAEx is a Decentralised Atomic Exchange that utilises the features of the Kauri Wallet and enables users to create safe peer to peer atomic exchanges for any currency supported by the Kauri Wallet. NavDelta NavDelta will be a payment gateway that allows users to spend NAV at any business which accepts currencies supported by the Kauri Wallet. NavMorph NavMorph is a fusion of Rimu and Kauri DAEx and will allow to privately send every cryptocurrency supported by the Kauri Wallet.
If you have made it this far: Congratulations! You have learned about how NAV evolved, what its current state is and what the future will bring. To sum all up: NavCoin has made incredible progress during last year and released many long awaited features despite the bear market. Many more exciting features are yet to come and it's going to be very interesting to see where we will stand on this day next year.
Unfortunately, the giveaway was not possible in the cryptocurrency-subreddit because of their rules, so I'm doing it here :-) As a surprise, in the next 2 hours I am going to send some NAV to everyone who wants to try out the awesome features and NavPay you read about above. To get your NAVs, all you have to do is the following:
Download the app NavPay from the Android Play Store or as a iOS user, use the NavPay website
Follow the steps to set up your mobile wallet
Backup your private key (the random words) so you could restore your wallet if your phone breaks or something like that!
Post your public address, so I can send you some NAVs
If you liked the experience, I'd be happy to hear back from you :)
It can be very time consuming to keep up to date on a single blockchain. If you just heard about NEO a few weeks ago it would be impossible catch up on past occurrences. I’m going to try and simplify the past, present and future as much as I can into one well thought-out post.
I felt it was time for an update since so much has happened. If you want the up to date version in between Vol updates visit NEO and its located on the #3 top post of all time. [Note: This Post is at max characters (40,000), some information will be left out]
Ontology $ONT (Partnership with NEO) Ontology Network (ONT) is a blockchain/distributed ledger network which combines distributed identity verification, data exchange, data collaboration, procedure protocols, communities, attestation, and various industry-specific modules. Together this builds the infrastructure for a peer-to-peer trust network which is cross-chain, cross-system, cross-industry, cross-application, and cross-device.
The Key $TKY (Upcoming ICO ) (strategic cooperation with NEO) THEKEY is a Decentralized Ecosystem of Identity Verification Tool Using National Big-data and Blockchain. THEKEY team is now developing second generation on-line identify verification technology. NEO Smart Economy = Digital Asset + Smart Contract + Digital Identity, while digital identity is an indispensable element. With NEO technical support, the strategic corporation between THEKEY and NEO will provide better protection to your digital asset. https://www.thekey.vip/ https://www.reddit.com/NEO/comments/7areac/ama_on_9th_nov_thekey_a_decentralized_ecosystem/
High Performance Blockchain $HPB (ICO Completed) HPB is a new blockchain architecture, positioned as an easy-to-use, highperformance blockchain platform. It aims to extend the performance of distributed applications to meet real world business needs. This is achieved by creating an architecture similar to an API operating system. The software architecture provides accounts, identity and authorization management, policy management, databases, and asynchronous communication on thousands of CPUs, FPGAs or clustered program schedulers. This blockchain is a new architecture that can support millions of transactions per second and support authorizations within seconds. http://www.gxn.io/en.html http://www.gxn.io/files/hpb_white_paper_en.pdf https://www.allcoin.com/markets/HPB-BTC/0/
City of Zion (CoZ) is an independent group of open source developers, designers and translators formed to support the NEO BlockChain core and ecosystem. CoZ primarily operates through the community Slack and CoZ Github, central places where the community shares knowledge and contributes to projects. CoZ is neither a corporation, nor a consulting firm or a devshop / for-hire group. Members https://imgur.com/a/Gc9jT CoZ aims to be low barrier of entry, the process is straightforward:
Join the channel #develop.
Fork or create a project.
Publish as open source.
After a couple of contributions a CoZ council member will invite you to the proper channel for your contributions.
Receive rewards and back to 3.
Unit testing - Ongoing effort to implement code coverage for the core Integration testing - Tools for automated testing, performance metrics and functionality validation on private test nets Continuous integration - Automated multi-platform testing of all pull requests at GitHub. Deployment pipeline - Automated tools and processes to ensure fast and reliable updates upon code changes New C# implementation (NEO2) - Improve code quality, speed & testability
The competition will open on November 20, 2017 and close at 11:59 PM Beijing time (GMT+8), March 10, 2018. Please sign up and submit your work before the deadline.
Participants are required to develop on the NEO blockchain. Please refer to github.com/neo-project and docs.neo.org for relevant codes and technical documents.
During the competition, developers are free to collaborate and to submit their work as a team.
Teams or individuals who fail to submit their work before 11:59 PM Beijing time (GMT+8), March 10, 2018 will not be eligible for prizes.
Your submission must contain executable programs and codes.
$150,000 First prize(1 team) $50,000 Second prize(2 teams) $30,000 Third prize(3 teams) $15,000 Award of merit(10 teams)
A judging panel made up of NEO founder Da Hongfei,NEO Founder & Core Developer Erik Zhang, CoZ founder Fabio, Elastos founder Chen Rong,ONT Founder Li Jun and experts from Microsoft China will select 16 winners out of all the contestants for a bounty pool worth a total of USD 490,000.
Total sign-ups :194 Data collected as of 2017/11/28
Digital Assets Digital assets are programmable assets that exist in the form of electronic data. With blockchain technology, the digitization of assets can be decentralized, trustful, traceable, highly transparent, and free of intermediaries.
Digital Identity Digital identity refers to the identity information of individuals, organizations, and other entities that exist in electronic form. Our verification of identity when issuing or using digital identities includes the use of facial features, fingerprint, voice, SMS and other multi-factor authentication methods.
Smart Contracts The NeoContract smart contract system is the biggest feature of the seamless integration of the existing developer ecosystem. Developers do not need to learn a new programming language but use C#, Java and other mainstream programming languages in their familiar IDE environments (Visual Studio, Eclipse, etc.) for smart contract development, debugging and compilation. NEO's Universal Lightweight Virtual Machine, NeoVM, has the advantages of high certainty, high concurrency, and high scalability. The NeoContract smart contract system will allow millions of developers around the world to quickly carry out the development of smart contracts.
Economic Model NEO has two native tokens, NEOand NeoGas NEO represents the right to manage the network. Management rights include voting for bookkeeping, NEO network parameter changes, and so on. The minimum unit of NEO is 1 and tokens cannot be subdivided. GAS is the fuel token for the realization of NEO network resource control. The NEO network charges for the operation and storage of tokens and smart contracts, thereby creating economic incentives for bookkeepers and preventing the abuse of resources. The minimum unit of GAS is 0.00000001.
Distribution Mechanism NEO's 100 million tokens are divided into two portions. The first portion is 50 million tokens distributed proportionally to supporters of NEO during the crowdfunding. This portion has been distributed. The second portion is 50 million NEO managed by the NEO Council to support NEO's long-term development, operation and maintenance and ecosystem. The NEO in this portion has a lockout period of 1 year and is unlocked only after October 16, 2017. This portion will NOT enter the exchanges and is only for long-term support of NEO projects. The plans for it are as below: ▪ 10 million tokens (10% total) will be used to motivate NEO developers and members of the NEO Council ▪ 10 million tokens (10% total) will be used to motivate developers in the NEO ecosystem ▪ 15 million tokens (15% total) will be used to cross-invest in other block-chain projects, which are owned by the NEO Council and are used only for NEO projects ▪ 15 million (15% total) will be retained as contingency ▪ The annual use of NEO in principle shall NOT exceed 15 million tokens
GAS distribution GAS is generated with each new block. The initial total amount of GAS is zero. With the increasing rate of new block generation, the total limit of 100 million GAS will be achieved in about 22 years. The interval between each block is about 15-20 seconds, and 2 million blocks are generated in about one year. According to this release curve, 16% of the GAS will be created in the first year, 52% of the GAS will be created in the first four years, and 80% of the GAS will be created in the first 12 years. GAS will be distributed proportionally in accordance with the NEO holding ratio, recorded in the corresponding addresses. NEO holders can initiate a claim transaction at any time and claim these GAS tokens at their holding addresses.
Consensus mechanism: dBFT The dBFT is called the Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerant, a Byzantine fault-tolerant consensus mechanism that enables large-scale participation in consensus through proxy voting. The holder of the NEO token can, by voting, pick the bookkeeper it supports. The selected group of bookkeepers, through BFT algorithm, reach a consensus and generate new blocks. Voting in the NEO network continues in real time, rather than in accordance with a fixed term.
Cross-chain assets exchange agreement NeoX has been extended on existing double-stranded atomic assets exchange protocols to allow multiple participants to exchange assets across different chains and to ensure that all steps in the entire transaction process succeed or fail together. In order to achieve this function, we need to use NeoContract function to create a contract account for each participant. If other blockchains are not compatible with NeoContract, they can be compatible with NeoX as long as they can provide simple smart contract functionality.
Cross-chain distributed transaction protocol Cross-chain distributed transactions mean that multiple steps of a transaction are scattered across different blockchains and that the consistency of the entire transaction is ensured. This is an extension of cross-chain assets exchange, extending the behavior of assets exchange into arbitrary behavior. In layman's terms, NeoX makes it possible for cross-chain smart contracts where a smart contract can perform different parts on multiple chains, either succeeding or reverting as a whole. This gives excellent possibilities for cross-chain collaborations and we are exploring cross-chain smart contract application scenarios.
Distributed Storage Protocol: NeoFS NeoFS is a distributed storage protocol that utilizes Distributed Hash Table technology. NeoFS indexes the data through file content (Hash) rather than file path (URI). Large files will be divided into fixed-size data blocks that are distributed and stored in many different nodes
Anti-quantum cryptography mechanism: NeoQS The emergence of quantum computers poses a major challenge to RSA and ECC-based cryptographic mechanisms. Quantum computers can solve the large number of decomposition problems (which RSA relies on) and the elliptic curve discrete logarithm (which ECC relies on) in a very short time. NeoQS (Quantum Safe) is a lattice-based cryptographic mechanism.
Reasons for choosing dBFT over PoW and PoS
With the phenomenal success of Bitcoin and its increasing mainstream adoption, the project’s unbounded appetite for energy grew accordingly. Today, the average Bitcoin transaction costs as much energy as powering 9.3 average American homes for 1 day. https://digiconomist.net/bitcoin-energy-consumption#assumptions This mind boggling amount of energy is not, as it is commonly believed, being wasted. It is put to good use: securing the Bitcoin network and rendering attacks on it infeasible. However, the cost of this security mechanism and its implications for an increasingly warming and resource hungry planet led almost the entire crypto industry to the understanding that an alternative has to be found, at least if we’re interested in seeing blockchain technology gaining overwhelming mainstream adoption. The most popular alternative to PoW, used by most alternative cryptocurrency systems, is called Proof-of-Stake, or PoS. PoS is highly promising in the sense that it doesn’t require blockchain nodes to perform arduous, and otherwise useless, cryptographic tasks in order to render potential attacks costly and infeasible. Hence, this algorithm cuts the power requirements of PoS blockchains down to sane and manageable amounts, allowing them to be more scalable without guzzling up the planet's energy reserves. As the name suggests, instead of requiring proof of cryptographic work, PoS requires blockchain nodes to proof stake in the currency itself. This means that in order for a blockchain node to be eligible for a verification reward, the node has to hold a certain amount of currency in the wallet associated with it. This way, in order to execute an attack, a malevolent node would have to acquire the majority of the existing coin supply, rendering attacks not only costly but also meaningless, since the attackers would primarily harm themselves. PoS, as well as PoW, simply cause the blockchain to fork into two alternative versions if for some reason consensus breaks. In fact, most blockchains fork most of the time, only to converge back to a single source of truth a short while afterwards. By many crypto enthusiasts, this obvious bug is very often regarded as a feature, allowing several versions of the truth to survive and compete for public adoption until a resolution is generated. This sounds nice in theory, but if we want to see blockchain technology seriously disrupt and/or augment the financial sector, this ever lurking possibility of the blockchain splitting into two alternative versions cannot be tolerated. Furthermore, even the fastest PoS blockchains out there can accomodate a few hundred transactions per second, compare that to Visa’s 56,000 tx/s and the need for an alternative becomes clear as day. A blockchain securing global stock markets does not have the privilege to fork into two alternative versions and just sit and wait it out until the market (or what’s left of it) declares a winner. What belongs to whom should be engraved in an immutable record, functioning as a single source of truth with no glitches permitted. After investigating and studying the crypto industry and blockchain technologies for several years, we came to the conclusion that the delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance alternative (or dBFT) is best suited for such a system. It provides swift transaction verification times, de-incentivises most attack vectors and upholds a single blockchain version with no risk of forks or alternative blockchain records emerging - regardless of how much computing power, or coins an attacker possesses. The term Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT) derives its name from the Byzantine Generals problem in Game Theory and Computer Science, describing the problematic nature of achieving consensus in a distributed system with suboptimal communication between agents which do not necessarily trust each other. The BFT algorithm arranges the relationship between blockchain nodes in such a way that the network becomes as good as resilient to the Byzantine Generals problem, and allows the system to remain consensus even if some nodes bare malicious intentions or simply malfunction. To achieve this, Antshare’s version of the delegated BFT (or dBFT) algorithm acknowledges two kinds of players in the blockchain space: professional node operators, called bookkeeping nodes, who run nodes as a source of income, and users who are interested in accessing blockchain advantages. Theoretically, this differentiation does not exist in PoW and most PoS environments, practically, however, most Bitcoin users do not operate miners, which are mostly located in specialized venues run by professionals. At Antshares we understand the importance of this naturally occurring division of labor and use it to provide better security for our blockchain platform. Accordingly, block verification is achieved through a consensus game held between specialized bookkeeping nodes, which are appointed by ordinary nodes through a form of delegated voting process. In every verification round one of the bookkeeping nodes is pseudo-randomly appointed to broadcast its version of the blockchain to the rest of the network. If ⅔ of the remaining nodes agree with this version, consensus is secured and the blockchain marches on. If less than ⅔ of the network agrees, a different node is appointed to broadcast its version of the truth to the rest of the system, and so forth until consensus is established. In this way, successful system attacks are almost impossible to execute unless the overwhelming majority of the network is interested in committing financial suicide. Additionally, the system is fork proof, and at every given moment only one version of the truth exists. Without complicated cryptographic puzzles to solve, nodes operate much faster and are able to compete with centralized transaction methods. https://www.econotimes.com/Blockchain-project-Antshares-explains-reasons-for-choosing-dBFT-over-PoW-and-PoS-659275
It is important to note the technical difference between Onchain and NEO. Onchain is a private VC-backed company with over 40 employees. NEO is a public platform with different community-led groups contributing to this public project. There exists NEO council comprised of the original NEO creators, employees from Onchain, full time NEO council members and there is also the first Western based group called City of Zion. Onchain, a Shanghai-based blockchain R&D company, first started developing Antshares in February of 2014 which will eventually become the foundation of DNA. Onchain was founded by CEO Da HongFei and CTO Erik Zhang in response to the attention from private companies garnered by the development of Antshares, China’s first public blockchain. In contrast to the weeks-old start-ups launching ICOs that is happening currently in the blockchain world, it took them 22 long months of R&D to even begin providing services to their first customers. Finally, in April 2016, the first whitepaper on consensus protocol from China was born — the dBFT (delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance) protocol. 2016 was a busy year for Onchain and they really picked up the pace that year. Other than continuing the development of Antshares, brushing shoulders with Fortune 500 companies, Onchain became the first Chinese blockchain company to join Hyperledger — an open source blockchain project started by the Linux Foundation specifically focusing on the development of private and consortium chains for businesses. In June of 2016, during the first of many future partnerships with Microsoft China, Onchain founded Legal Chain specifically targeting the inadequacies of the digital applications within the legal system. In 2005, (Digital Signature Act) was passed into national law which permitted an effective digital signatures to gain the same legal rights as a real signature. In company with Microsoft China, they are also aiming to integrate the technology with Microsoft’s face and voice recognition API function to kick start this digital revolution within the legal system. At the same time, a partnership was formed with FaDaDa, a third-party platform for electronic contracts that has processed over 27 million contracts to date, to provide secure evidence storage with DNA. If that’s not enough, they were also voted as KPMG’s top 50 Fintech Company in China and established a relationship with the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry which led to the recent tour to Japan. Finally, at the end of 2016 they announced a partnership with Alibaba to provide attested email service for Ali Cloud with Legal Chain where it provides a proof-of-existence for a blockchain-powered email evidence repository for enterprise-level use. Fosun Group, China’s largest private conglomerate, have recently invested into Onchain in order to apply DNA across all of its businesses. Currently, Fosun International has a market cap of 102.98 billion dollars on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and that is only its international branch. The role of Onchain so far is reminiscent of Ethereum’s EEA in addition to a stronger emphasis of governmental cooperation. Onchain has identified the shortcomings of present laser focus of hype on public platforms such as NEO and Ethereum and addressing that with DNA. DNA envisions a future where a network of assorted, specifically designed blockchains serving private enterprises, consortiums, government and the public communicating with each other forming an interconnected blockchain network. This is the goal of DNA — infiltrating every little inefficient niche that had no better alternatives before the invention of blockchain. What is especially critical to remember during this explosive time of hype driven partly by the obscene degree of greed is that not every little niche that blockchain can fill will be holding its own little ICO. Some of those efficiencies gained will simply be consumed by companies privately or by public systems such as the legal system.
August 8th to August 12th From August 8th to August 12th, 2017, the NEO core team, led by founder & CEO Da Hongfei will travel to Japan to explore the forefront of Japan's Blockchain innovation. This trip represents the first in a series of trips around the world with the goal to foster international cooperation's and to keep up with the fast pace in Blockchain innovation. Starting in Japan, the NEO core team will visit famous local Blockchain research institutions and active communities to engage in bilateral communication. NEO will meet with Japanese tech-celebrities to gain insights about the latest developments in the Japanese Blockchain and digital currency community. Additionally, Japanese local tech media will conduct an interview allowing NEO to present its development status and its latest technological innovations.
November 27th, 2017 China&USA NEO blockchain meetup in Manhattan NYC
November 30th, 2017 Meetup San Francisco: The Future Of Blockchain With The Founders of NEO, Elastos, & Stellar
December 4th, 2017 NEO attending Blockchain World Conference in Bangkok:
December 7th, 2017 NEO meetup Singapore:
December 13th, 2017 NEO meetup at Cambridge:
Networks proves itself with the first ICO
ICOs, on other platforms such as Ethereum, often resulted in a sluggish network and transaction delays. While NEO’s dBFT consensus algorithm is designed to achieve consensus with higher efficency and greater network throughputt, no amount of theoretical calculations can simulate the reality of real-life conditions.
Smart Contract Invocations: A total of 13,966 smart contracts invocations were executed on the NEO network over this time period, of which, nearly all called the RPX smart contract method mintTokens. A total of 543,348,500 RPX tokens were successfully minted and transferred to user accounts, totalling 10,097 smart contract executions.
Refunded Invocations: A total of 4182 refund events were triggered by the smart contract method mintTokens. (Note: RPX has stated that these refunds will be processed within the next two weeks.)
Crowdsale Statistics: A successful mintTokens execution used around 1043 VM operations, while an execution that resulted in a refund used 809 VM operations. Within the hour and six minutes that the token sale was active, a total of 12,296,409 VM operations were executed. A total of 9,575 unique addresses participated in the RPX ICO. Half of these, approximately 4,800 unique addresses, participated through CoZ’s Neon wallet. The top 3 blocks with the most transactions were block 1445025 (3,242 transactions), block 1444902 (2,951 transactions), and block 1444903 (1609 transactions).
Conclusion on Network Performance At the moment, the consensus nodes for the NEO network are operated by the NEO Council in China. By Q1 2018, NEO Council aims to control less than two-thirds of the consensus nodes. We are pleased to note that the NEO network continuted to operate efficiently with minimal network impact, even under extreme network events. Block generation time initially slowed down to 3 minutes to process the largest block, but quickly recovered to approximately 25 seconds. Throughout the entire RPX ICO, consensus nodes were able to achieve consensus and propagate new block transactions to the rest of the network. In closing, while we consider this performance to be excellent, NEO Council and City of Zion areworking closely together on upgrades, that will increase the throughputs of the NEO network.
Members and governance of Hyperledger: Early members of the initiative included blockchain ISVs, (Blockchain, ConsenSys, Digital Asset, R3, Onchain), well-known technology platform companies (Cisco, Fujitsu, Hitachi, IBM, Intel, NEC, NTT DATA, Red Hat, VMware), financial services firms (ABN AMRO, ANZ Bank, BNY Mellon, CLS Group, CME Group, the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC), Deutsche Börse Group, J.P. Morgan, State Street, SWIFT, Wells Fargo), Business Software companies like SAP, Systems integrators and others such as: (Accenture, Calastone, Credits, Guardtime, IntellectEU, Nxt Foundation, Symbiont). The governing board of the Hyperledger Project consists of twenty members chaired by Blythe Masters, (CEO of Digital Asset), and a twelve-member Technical Steering Committee chaired by Christopher Ferris, CTO of Open Technology at IBM. http://www.8btc.com/onchain-hyperledger https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperledger
“As a leading open-source contributor in China’s blockchain community, Onchain shares the same values as the Linux Foundation and the Hyperledger project intrinsically. We believe international collaboration plus local experience are key to the adoption of distributed ledger technology in China; we are also very excited to see other Chinese blockchain startups join Hyperledger and look forward to adding our combined expertise to the project.” Da Hongfei, Founder and CEO of Onchain https://hyperledger.org/testimonials/onchain
"There is no direct cooperation between Alibaba and NEO/Onchain, other than their mailbox service is using Law Chain to provide attested email service. In terms of Microsoft, yes we have cooperation with Microsoft China because NEO is built with C# and .NET Core, and NeoContract is the first in the world to support writing smart contract with C#"
"We have pretty good communication with government, with regulators. They don't have any negative impression with NEO and they like our technology and the way we deal with things. Regulation is not an issue for us"
“Before they started cleaning up the market, I was asked for information and suggestions” “I do not expect the government to call me in the short-term and say, ‘Let’s use NEO as the blockchain technology infrastructure of China.’ But in the medium term? Why not? I think it’s possible.”
Decentralization of consensus nodes ▪ P2P Network optimization – Network optimizations to ensure fast block generation after decentralization. ▪ Voting Algorithm Optimization – Adjustments in voting algorithm to prevent identified attack vectors. ▪ Candidate List Website – Published list of candidates so that voters know who they are voting for. ▪ NEO Council Consensus Node < 2/3 – NEO Council shall operate less than two thirds of consensus nodes by the end of quarter 1, 2018.
Our original plan was to start decentralize in Q1 2018. We are however growing faster than expected and cannot accept the risk with being as centralized as we currently are. The conclusion is that we re-prioritize and start the process of decentralizing today. We believe that NEO community groups and exchanges will be suitable to run consensus nodes; community groups already know the technology, and exchanges are already running full nodes with high uptime and monitoring. We welcome interested parties to reach out to us on [email protected]. A NEP to encourage voting will be presented in the coming weeks. https://neo.org/blog/Details/3016
Universal Data Format for Wallet/Node Prog. ▪ NEP2 – Private Key Encryption/Decryption (2017Q4) - Method for encrypting and encoding a passphrase-protected private key. ▪ NEP3 – Universal Data Format (2017Q4) – Standard data format to allow easier wallet and node programming. https://neo.org/en-us/blog/details/65
Promotion/Ecosystem ▪ Globally Legal Token-raising Framework (2017Q4) – Following government interest to regulate ICO’s, NEO will complete a framework to raise tokens legally in all major markets by the end of 2017. ▪ NEO DevCon 1 (2017Q4) – First NEO Development Conference! More details at later date. ▪ CoZ Funding (2017Q4) – Continuous funding plan for CoZ covering next 5 years. ▪ Seed Projects (2017Q4) – First seed projects to be cross-invested with the dedicated NEO pool. https://neo.org/en-us/blog/details/65
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